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Yijing Hexagram Names
and Core Meanings

易經卦名和中義  
Yìjīng guàmíng hé zhōngyì


© Bradford Hatcher, 2011, Version 12.1

720 Cell
Preface

    Since this is primarily a reference work, the introductory material has been placed at the end, to facilitate scrolling through the 64 tables below.
    These tables offer what a large number of different translators and authors have used for Hexagram Names (Gua Ming) and/or major Core Meanings (Zhong Yi) for the 64 Gua. (The eight Bagua and other symbols are already covered in my Book of Changes, Vol. 1, Xiao Xiang chapter). Multiple listings in these tables should absolutely not be regarded as a poll or a vote. The Wilhelm-Baynes Gua Ming, while at least adequate more often than not, has exerted a huge and, in many cases, undue influence on other authors. A number of authors have been omitted because they simply copied Wilhelm's names. Other writers seem to have groped about for synonyms to Wilhelm's names and substituted these with little or no insight into the Core Meanings. Of particular importance is the last entry in the tables, which comes from the Shi Yi, the Ten Wings or Appendices of the Yijing itself, added to the Zhouyi  during the Han Dynasty. Although written six or more centuries after the Zhouyi, many of these glosses have had a dominant or even absolute influence over how the Gua Ming have come to be understood. The bulk of these come from the Tuan Zhuan, or Commentary on the Judgment. In many cases, these are the only significant or meaningful contribution that the Tuan Zhuan makes. In some places I have instead given glosses from other Wings: the Da Xiang, the Xu Gua or the Za Gua.
    The Key Words section is from my Book of Changes, Vol. 1. These represent a partial scoping of Core Meanings. The Glossary section is from my Book of Changes, Vol. 2. These list the possible translations of the Chinese names, but without strict regard to meanings attested for the Early Zhou. Finally, in the Notes section, I try to make relevant comments on some of the Names used in the tables and point out problems with some of the conventional names.

01   Qián

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Creative
MWD - Hatcher Jian4, The Key, Note, Linch-pin
Albertson
The Creative
MWD - Shaughnessy 鍵 #1, The Key
Balkin The Dynamic Meyer Fulfilled Promise
Barrett
Creative Force
Needham Donator, Originator, Ordering, Paternal
Blofeld
The Creative Principle Ni Positiveness, The Creative
Bonnershaw
The Creative
Palmer The Origin
Chan Chiu-ming
The Assertive
Pattee The Creative
Chang
Heaven
Peden The Creative
Chu
Creative (Innovatory) Action Perrottet The Creative
Chung Wu
The Originator
Powell The Creative Principle
Clark
Creative Force in Action
Ra Uru Hu Self-Expression, The Creative
Cleary Heaven, The Creative Reifler Yang
Coates
The Creative Force
Richmond Responses to Creative potential
Collins
The Firm
Richter Heaven
Crouch
Spirit
Riseman The Creative
Damian-Knight
The Creative (Talent) Ritsema & Karcher Force, Persisting
Dening
The Creative Force
Rutt Active
Dhiegh
The Originating, Projective, The Creative Seabrook Originality
Douglas
Creativity
Secter Substantive, Originating, Impartial
Feng
Creative, Sunshine
Shaughnessy The Heavenly Principle, Vigor, Vigorous
Fu Youde Heaven
Shchutskii Creation
Graeme
The Creative
Siu Creativity
Hacker
Heaven
Sneddon Creative
Hatcher
Creating
Sorrell Cause, Power, Creativity
Heyboer
The Directing Power of Heaven
Stackhouse
Vital Spirit
Hoefler
The Creative Power Stein The Creative Universe/Intelligence
Huang, Alfred
Initiating
Sterling Creative
Huang, Kerson
Heaven
Sung Firmness symbolizes Heaven
Javary
Absolute Yang Energy
Toropov The Creative
Jou
The Heaven
Walker, Barbara Heaven, Air, Sky, Authority
Judge
Creativity
Wallace Heaven, Initiating
Karcher
Force, Persisting
Wei, Henry Creativity
Kim-Anh Lim
Heaven
West Creativity
Koh Kok Kiang
The Active
Whincup Strong Action
Kumoyama, Taisen
Heaven, Pure Yang, The Creative Principle
Wilhelm The Creative
Kunst Vigorous Appearance
Wing Creative Power
Legge
Active, Vigilant, Heaven
Wu Jing-Nuan Heaven, Male, The Creative
Leichtman
Power to Overcome, New Life Energy
Wu, Yi Pure Light Enrergy
Liu, Da, Da
The Creative Wu Wei Creating
Lynn
Pure Yang
Wu Weifarer Yang
Machovec
Strength of the Dragon
Young Creation
Market
The Male Principle
Yu, Titus Enflaming Inspiration
Marshall, Chris
The Creative


McCarver
Heaven
十翼 Shi Yi
健 Jian4, Lasting Vigor, Strong, Healthy

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01.M, Key Words
Higher purpose, self-actualizing drives, autonomy, calling, vocation, star quality
Sovereignty, command, self-mastery, dragonhood, genius, authority, cogency

Diligence, drive, lasting energy, enduring vigor, persistence or duration in time

Higher orders, design, innovation; co-authoring with the infinite, dynamic life

Positing, originality, initiative; sublimation, sunlight transforming water to vapor

Perspective from outside of humanity, attunement to higher rhythms & purposes


01.G, From the Glossary
Qian2 (to be) creative, vigorous, energetic, potent, dynamic, constant, enduring, 
lasting; dry, clean; exhausted; heavenly; (a, the) creation, initiative, authority, 
sovereignty, design, cogency, autonomy, command, energy, diligence, persistence, endurance, mastery, genius, higher order, higher purpose, calling, vocation, 
enduring activity, lasting vigor, dynamic living, dragonhood; heaven; warmth of 
the sun; vigorous appearance; (a, the) male, gang or yang principle; (to) create, 
initiate, design, author, master, persist, endure (s, ed, ing); creation’s, creativity’s; 
gan, (to be) dry, dried

Notes:
    On Heaven: I have argued elsewhere that one of the great mistakes of the social sciences in studying the past is in making sweeping generalizations about cultural norms which are more usefully considered as broad spectra. It shouldn't need saying that the Christian and Muslim notions of Heaven have no place here. While Heaven is indeed sacred in most Chinese traditions, it is not a deity. On the average, it is the grand order of things, the natural law, the clockworks, the self-organizing power that drives the heavens. This warrants great respect, even reverence, at least as an alternative to self-destruction. There is still a broad range in this comprehension on the secular-religious axis and even the range from king to king could well have been quite dramatic, even though the king was at the very head of the popular religion. The transition from Shang to Zhou represented a movement towards the secular side, but a great many, no doubt, maintained a belief that the spirit resided in Heaven after death, and many of those, under the care of Shang Di, the Highest Divinity. The Zhouyi tends towards the secular. Even though there are plenty of snapshots of both the king and the people doing religious practices and sacrifices, the study is always of the human behavior and its attitudes in performing these acts. It never once proposes or supports a religious or metaphysical idea.  To be sure, a lot of metaphysics was added to the Yi in the Han Dynasty, with the canonization of the Yijing's Ten Wings, but this is not our concern here. Heaven, then, is best understood here as the motive power of the cosmos, highly structured but not likely sentient. Maybe the bottom line is this: if you can discover what Heaven "will" do, and take this to be Heaven's Will, and somehow align your objectives in this direction, then you will have the assistance of Heaven, along with an infinite reserve of inertia and power.

02    Kūn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Receptive MWD - Hatcher Chuan1, River, Stream, Current, Flow
Albertson
The Receptive MWD - Shaughnessy 川 #33, The Flow
Balkin The Receptive Meyer Raw Material
Barrett
Earth
Needham Receptor, Supporting
Blofeld
The Passive Principle
Ni Receptiveness
Bonnershaw
The Receptive
Palmer Success
Chan Chiu-ming
Inner Strength
Pattee The Receptive
Chang
Earth
Peden The Receptive
Chu
Receptiveness, Responsiveness
Perrottet The Receptive
Chung Wu
The Bearer
Powell The Passive Principle
Clark
Nurturing Receptivity
Ra Uru Hu Direction of Self
Cleary Earth, The Receptive Reifler Yin
Coates
The Devoted Subordinate
Richmond Choices Amongst Activity
Collins
The Yielding
Richter Earth
Crouch
Soil
Riseman The Receptive
Damian-Knight
The Receptive, Care Ritsema & Karcher Force, Yielding
Dening
Responsiveness
Rutt Earth
Dhiegh
The Receptive, The Womb, The Doer
Seabrook Fulfilling Destiny
Douglas
Quiescence
Secter Fruition, Nurturing, Fulfillment
Feng
Earthy, Home Land
Shaughnessy The Earthly Principle, Compliant 順
Fu Youde Earth
Shchutskii Fulfillment
Graeme
The Receptive
Siu Responsive Service
Hacker
Earth
Sneddon Receptive
Hatcher
Accepting
Sorrell Relaxing, Following, Responsive
Heyboer
The Energy of Earth
Stackhouse
Multiplicity of Things
Hoefler
The Receiving
Stein The Receptive Earth
Huang, Alfred
Responding
Sterling Receptive
Huang, Kerson
Earth
Sung Submission symbolizes Earth
Javary
Absolute Yin Energy
Toropov The Receptive
Jou
The Earth
Walker, Barbara Nature, Earth, Creation
Judge
Receptivity
Wallace Earth, Responding
Karcher
Field, Yielding
Wei, Henry Receptivity
Kim-Anh Lim
Earth
West Receptiveness
Koh Kok Kiang
The Receptive
Whincup Acquiescence
Kumoyama, Taisen
Earth, Pure Yin, Passive, Receptive
Wilhelm The Receptive
Kunst <None>
Wing Natural Response
Legge
Subordination, Docility
Wu Jing-Nuan Receptivity, Earth, Female, The Receptive
Leichtman
The Right Response, Responsiveness
Wu, Yi Pure Dark Energy
Liu, Da
The Receptive Wu Wei Open, Receptive, Yielding, Willing to Follow
Lynn
Pure Yin
Wu Weifarer Yin
Machovec
Loving Service of the Earth Mother
Young Fulfillment
Market
The Female Principle
Yu, Titus Earth's Fecundity
Marshall, Chris
The Receptive


McCarver
Earth 十翼 Shi Yi 順 Shun4, Acceptance, Compliance

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02.M, Key Words
Receiving, tolerance, gentleness, patience, openness, accommodation, gratitude

Assent, contentment, comprehension, understanding, embrace, room, allowance

Endurance, perseverance, acquiescence, compliance, groundedness, support, care

Potential, capacity, raw material, substance, suchness, realism, consent, upholding

Simplicity, naturalness, surety; latitude, range, breadth, largesse, fields of options

Power of possibility, first accept givens; absorbing, learning, growing, accessing


02.G, From the Glossary
Kun1 (to) receive, accept, support, absorb, substantiate, realize (s, ed, ing); (a, the) 
receiving, acceptance, compliance, substance, matter, material, field (of options), 
potential, basis, support, ground, capacity, earth; (to be) subordinate, humble(r), 
passive, accepting, compliant; the earth; (a, the) female, rou, or yin principle

Notes:
On Yin: The Zhouyi was written long before there was a metaphysics of Yin and Yang. The authors did have a strong concept of the interplay of opposites, but this was still more of a description of the Way the world behaved than a cosmology of two ultimate and universal forces. The contrast of Qian and Kun, Gua 01 and 02, along with other pairs, notably 11-12, 41-42 and 63-64 could perhaps be regarded as early prototypes of the Taijitu and the Yin-Yang idea, but they simply did not have the more complex reasoning that came with the Yinyang Jia or School of Yin-Yang philosophy. For purposes here, then, Heaven-Earth, Creating-Creation or even Energy-Mass are less anachronistic names than Yang-Yin.

03    Zhūn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Initial Difficulty MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Initial Obstacles MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #23
Balkin Difficulty in the Beginning Meyer Hard Start
Barrett
Sprouting
Needham Factors Slowing the Onset of a Process
Blofeld
Difficulty
Ni To Be Stationed, To Assemble
Bonnershaw
Obstacle
Palmer Birth Pangs
Chan Chiu-ming
Difficulty
Pattee Difficulty at the Beginning
Chang
Beginning and Enterprise
Peden Difficulty at the Beginning
Chu
Difficulty in Infancy
Perrottet Initial Difficulty
Chung Wu
Distress
Powell Initial Difficulties
Clark
Incubation
Ra Uru Hu Ordering
Cleary Difficulty Reifler Growing Pains
Coates
Initial Difficulties
Richmond Difficulties in Beginnings
Collins
Beginning Difficulties Richter Difficulty
Crouch
Gathering
Riseman Difficulty in the Beginning
Damian-Knight
Difficult Beginnings Ritsema & Karcher Sprouting
Dening
Difficulty at the Beginning Rutt Massed
Dhiegh
Avaricious, Difficulty at the Beginning Seabrook Difficult Beginnings
Douglas
Birth Pangs
Secter Initial Difficulty, Struggle
Feng
Sprouting
Shaughnessy Hoarding
Fu Youde Difficulty
Shchutskii Initial Difficulty
Graeme
The Beginning
Siu Organizational Growth Pains
Hacker
Sprouting
Sneddon Initial Difficulty
Hatcher
Rallying
Sorrell Planning, Organizing, Problem Solving
Heyboer
The Spark of Life
Stackhouse The Difficulties of Getting Started
Hoefler
Difficulty Starting
Stein Beginnings
Huang, Alfred
Beginning
Sterling Difficulties at the Beginning
Huang, Kerson
Retrenchment
Sung Bursting
Javary
Hindering at the Beginning
Toropov Adversity at the Beginning
Jou
First Difficulty
Walker, Barbara Difficulty
Judge
Initial Difficulty
Wallace Difficulty
Karcher
Sprouting
Wei, Henry Initial Difficulty
Kim-Anh Lim
Difficulties of Beginning
West Initial Difficulty
Koh Kok Kiang
Initial Difficulties
Whincup Gathering Support
Kumoyama, Taisen
Difficulty at First
Wilhelm Difficulty at the Beginning
Kunst Bunched, To Hoard
Wing Difficult Beginnings
Legge
Distressed, Struggle
Wu Jing-Nuan Sprouting
Leichtman
Starting Over, Before the Beginning
Wu, Yi Initial Difficulty
Liu, Da
Difficulty in the Beginning Wu Wei Difficulty and Danger at the Beginning
Lynn
Birth Throes
Wu Weifarer Giving Birth
Machovec
Growth
Young Initial Difficulty
Market
Difficult First Steps
Yu, Titus Sprouting
Marshall, Chris
Difficult Start


McCarver
Initial Difficulties 十翼 Shi Yi 難生 Nan2 Sheng1, Difficult Birth

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720 Cell
03.M, Key Words
Struggle, difficult beginning, birth/growth/early/first trials, frustration, confusion

Needing assistance, reinforcement, concentration, coherence, pulling (it) together

Fallback, triage, retrenchment, regrouping, muster; to minimize loss, hold/bear up 

Prioritizing, consolidating a position, using reserves; the write off, the rainy day 

Courtship metaphor for confusion, frustration and turmoil; young sprout as Zhen 

Frustrated anticipation, the loss of unhatched chickens, the linearity of expectation 


03.G, From the Glossary
Zhun1 (to) rally, muster, collect (together), store up, bank (up), assemble, accumulate, pull together, bring together, summon (help), congregate, secure; need help, 
need assistance, struggle, sprout, start (out) small (s, ed, ing); (to be) in difficulty, 
in need of (help, assistance), sparing, hard, difficult; (a, the) village, congregation, 
camp, rally, initial difficulty, difficult start, birth pains, early trials, rites of pas-
sage; a single blade of grass, bending and twisting; (to consolidate gains while 
cutting losses); to garrison or station soldiers; also pronounced Tun2.

Notes:
The link between Sprout and Difficult Beginnings is the image of the freshly sprouted plant emerging from the Earth into a storm, with no alternative but to call upon or rally all of its resources. The ability to secure whatever resources and help it requires will be its answer to evolution's selection process.

04    Méng

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Youthful Inexperience MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Inexperienced Youth MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #13
Balkin Youthful Inexperience Meyer Lack of Experience
Barrett
Not Knowing
Needham Early Stages of Development
Blofeld
Immaturity, Uncultivated Growth
Ni The Undeveloped One
Bonnershaw
Childishness
Palmer Rebellious Youth
Chan Chiu-ming
Wild Grass, The Undisciplined
Pattee Immaturity
Chang
Education
Peden Inexperience
Chu
Immaturity
Perrottet Youthful Folly
Chung Wu
Ignorance (N)
Powell Youthful Inexperience
Clark
Inexperience
Ra Uru Hu Formulization
Cleary Darkness, Innocence (25)
Reifler Youthful Ignorance
Coates
Youthful Indiscretion
Richmond Out of Young Ignorance
Collins
Advising the Youth
Richter Ignorance
Crouch
Strangleweed
Riseman Youth
Damian-Knight
The Inexperience of the Young, The Student
Ritsema & Karcher Enveloping
Dening
Inexperience
Rutt Dodder
Dhiegh
Youthful Folly, Innocence (25) Seabrook Inexperience
Douglas
Inexperience Secter Inexperienced, Ignorant, Uninformed
Feng
Ignorance
Shaughnessy Folly
Fu Youde Immaturity
Shchutskii Immaturity
Graeme
Youth, Inexperience
Siu Acquiring Experience
Hacker
The Young Shoot
Sneddon Youthful Inexperience
Hatcher
Inexperience
Sorrell Learning, Beginner, Unknowing
Heyboer
Not Knowing
Stackhouse Getting Caught Up (In Your Own Thing)
Hoefler
Inexperience Stein Youthful Folly
Huang, Alfred
Childhood
Sterling The Folly of Youth
Huang, Kerson
Blindness
Sung Covering
Javary
Learning How to Learn
Toropov Youthful Folly
Jou
Underdeveloped
Walker, Barbara Immaturity, Ignorance, Inexperience
Judge
Inexperience
Wallace Ignorance
Karcher
Enveloping
Wei, Henry Ignorance
Kim-Anh Lim
Immaturity
West Inexperience
Koh Kok Kiang
Immaturity
Whincup The Young Shoot
Kumoyama, Taisen
The Novice
Wilhelm Youthful Folly
Kunst Cover, Dodder
Wing Inexperience
Legge
Ignorance N, Without Experience
Wu Jing-Nuan Covering, A Callow Youth
Leichtman
Blind Spots, Indiscretion
Wu, Yi Ignorance
Liu, Da
Youth
Wu Wei Inexperience
Lynn
Juvenile Ignorance
Wu Weifarer Youth
Machovec
Learning
Young Youthful Ignorance
Market
Learning and Teaching
Yu, Titus The Neophyte
Marshall, Chris
Youthful Folly

McCarver
Youthful Inexperience 十翼 Shi Yi 蒙童 Tong2 Meng2, Youthful Inexperience

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+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
04.M, Key Words
Early development, education, guidance; differentiating, specifying, personalizing 

Inquiry, questioning, questing, discovery; fulfilling potentials, talents, aptitudes

Foolishness, folly, ignorance; a childlike hunger to know, untrained green vines

To be covered, blinded, immature, obscure, obtuse, uncultivated, inexperienced 

Making connections and pruning, learning and unlearning, training the mind

Educate as to lead out; instruction; importance of questions in framing answers


04.G, From the Glossary
Meng2 (a, the) inexperience, immaturity, innocence, darkness, obscurity, cover, 
ignorance, insensibility, foolishness, deception, folly, stupidity, fool, halfwit, 
(tangled, untrained) green vines; (to) cover, conceal, hide, cheat, dupe, deceive, 
darken, stun, receive, suffer, undergo (s, ed, ing); (to be) inexperienced, uncultivated, rudimentary, rude, crude; passive, subjected to; entangled, obscure, immature, young, ignorant, foolish, dull, green, blind, in the dark, darkened, enveloped, uninformed, shrouded, unenlightened, unconscious, insensible, foolish; 
the small of a thing; go with covered eyes

Notes:
The continuum here is is from Ignoring, willfully or stubbornly failing to consider new experience, to the more innocent kind of Ignorance, not yet having had the opportunity to learn. Ignorance, then, when purely pejorative and not used in fun, is not the best Gua Ming.

05    Xū

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Waiting MWD - Hatcher Ru2, Short Coat, maybe u.f. m3149, Wet
Albertson
Waiting MWD - Shaughnessy 襦 #18, Short Coat, Moistened
Balkin Waiting Meyer Time Out
Barrett
Waiting
Needham Stopping, Waiting
Blofeld
Calculated Inaction
Ni Waiting, Stagnation, Hesitation
Bonnershaw
Postponement
Palmer Patience
Chan Chiu-ming
Waiting
Pattee Waiting
Chang
Deadlock
Peden Waiting
Chu
Waiting Perrottet Waiting
Chung Wu
Waiting
Powell Patient Anticipation
Clark
Waiting
Ra Uru Hu Fixed Rhythms
Cleary Waiting Reifler Waiting
Coates
Waiting Patiently
Richmond Lack of a Path
Collins
Waiting Richter Waiting
Crouch
In the Rain (N)
Riseman Contemplation (20), Nourishment
Damian-Knight
Patience
Ritsema & Karcher Attending
Dening
Waiting
Rutt Waiting
Dhiegh
Waiting, Calculated Inaction, Need Seabrook Waiting
Douglas
Biding One's Time
Secter Pausing, Deliberate Waiting, Biding Time
Feng
Recess
Shaughnessy To Await
Fu Youde Waiting
Shchutskii Necessity of Waiting
Graeme
Waiting for Nourishment, Anticipating
Siu Biding One's Time
Hacker
Getting Wet N
Sneddon Waiting
Hatcher
Anticipation
Sorrell Waiting, Pausing, Anticipation
Heyboer
Waiting for a Break in the Weather
Stackhouse Waiting, then Receiving what one Needs
Hoefler
Considered Waiting Stein Waiting Nourishment
Huang, Alfred
Needing
Sterling Waiting
Huang, Kerson
Waiting Sung Waiting
Javary
Making the Most of Waiting √
Toropov Waiting (Sustenance)
Jou
Waiting
Walker, Barbara Waiting, Calculated Inaction
Judge
Waiting
Wallace Anticipating
Karcher
Attending
Wei, Henry Waiting
Kim-Anh Lim
Waiting
West Waiting
Koh Kok Kiang
Waiting Patiently
Whincup Getting Wet N
Kumoyama, Taisen
Calculated Waiting, Remaining Inactive
Wilhelm Waiting (Nourishment)
Kunst Get Wet N, Wait
Wing Calculated Waiting
Legge
Waiting
Wu Jing-Nuan Stopped by Rain N, Waiting
Leichtman
Patience
Wu, Yi Waiting
Liu, Da
Waiting (Nourishment) Wu Wei Waiting in the Face of Danger
Lynn
Waiting
Wu Weifarer Waiting
Machovec
Watchful Waiting Young Waiting
Market
Waiting Yu, Titus Impending Relief
Marshall, Chris
Waiting

McCarver
Delaying 十翼 Shi Yi 須 Xu1, Necessity, Essentials, To Wait

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720 Cell
05.M, Key Words
Waiting, awaiting, readying, earliness, suspense, calculated inaction, patience

Gratification deferred involuntarily, satisfaction postponed, delays, deprivation

Presence of mind, window of opportunity, being properly ready, providing for

Nourishment, necessities, essentials, prospects, hunger and thirst, prerequisites 

Doing without, biding time, working on worthiness, maximizing the meanwhile

Making the most of emptiness & want; getting ready, invocation; looking out for


05.G, From the Glossary
Xu1 (to be) essential, needful, necessary, insufficient, tantalized, suspended; (a, 
the) anticipation, suspense, expectation, desire, demand, need, duty, obligation, 
necessity, requirement, prerequisite; (to) wait, await, abide, bide time, postpone, 
tarry, stop, defer, do without, watch for, look out for, need, require (s, ed, ing); 
Shuowen has stopped by rain, waiting it out instead of waiting for rain; [deferred 
gratification]

Notes:
Xu is a Janus word, a word with two seemingly or partially opposite meanings. The only one that seems to be in use here means to wait, for rain or nourishment, with the advice being to make proper use of the time in getting ready for or worthy of fulfillment, to optimize or maximize the meanwhile. The other meaning, to be soaked by rain, does not seem to have any relevance in the Zhouyi context. The other Xu, given in the Ten Wings, is also polysemous in the Yi, with meanings elsewhere in the text of Beard and Older Sister.

06    Sòng

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Conflict (N) MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Conflict MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #5
Balkin Conflict Meyer Considerations and Reconsiderations
Barrett
Arguing
Needham Strife, Contention at Law
Blofeld
Conflict
Ni Dispute, Litigation
Bonnershaw
Conflict
Palmer Contention
Chan Chiu-ming
Litigation
Pattee Conflict
Chang
Lawsuit
Peden Conflict
Chu
Conflict Perrottet Conflict
Chung Wu
Litigation
Powell Conflict
Clark
Conflict
Ra Uru Hu Friction
Cleary Contention
Reifler Conflict
Coates
Divisive Conflict
Richmond Conflicting Opposites
Collins
Conflict Richter A Dispute
Crouch
Free Speech
Riseman Conflict
Damian-Knight
Conflict, Deadlock Ritsema & Karcher Arguing
Dening
Conflict
Rutt Dispute
Dhiegh
Conflict, Litigate, Go To Law Seabrook Conflict
Douglas
Strife
Secter Divisive Conflict, Dispute
Feng
Lawsuit
Shaughnessy Lawsuit
Fu Youde Contention
Shchutskii Litigation
Graeme
Conflict
Siu Strife
Hacker
Grievance
Sneddon Conflict
Hatcher
Contention
Sorrell Conflict, Dissension, Confrontation
Heyboer
The Gong Speaks
Stackhouse Dividing Up, Struggling
Hoefler
The Conflict Stein Conflict
Huang, Alfred
Contention
Sterling Conflict
Huang, Kerson
The Court
Sung Contention
Javary
Resolving the Conflict
Toropov Conflict
Jou
Lawsuit
Walker, Barbara Conflict
Judge
Conflict
Wallace Contending
Karcher
Arguing
Wei, Henry Litigation
Kim-Anh Lim
Conflict
West Conflict
Koh Kok Kiang
Contention
Whincup Grievance
Kumoyama, Taisen
Fighting, Conflict, Psychic Struggle
Wilhelm Conflict
Kunst Dispute
Wing Conflict
Legge
Contention, Strife
Wu Jing-Nuan Dispute
Leichtman
Disillusionment. Stress
Wu, Yi Litigation
Liu, Da
Conflict Wu Wei Argument
Lynn
Contention
Wu Weifarer Conflict
Machovec
Challenge, Conflict Young Conflict
Market
Avoiding Conflict
Yu, Titus Arbitration
Marshall, Chris
Conflict


McCarver
Conflict 十翼 Shi Yi 違行 Wei2 Xing2, Contradictory Motion

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+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
06.M, Key Words
Advocacy, adversarialism, partiality, partisanship, taking or promoting one side 

Presumption, challenge, competition; ambivalence, approach-approach conflicts

Conflict, disparity, dissent, dissonance, points of view within the bigger picture

Resistance, friction, strife, grievance, litigation, dispute, contest, confrontation 

Arbitration, diplomacy, (re)conciliation, reconsideration, mid-course corrections

Revisiting postulates & reference frames, using feedback, finding metasolutions

06.G, From the Glossary
Song4 (a, the) contention, conflict, challenge, dispute, dissent, litigation, argu-
ment, quarrel, contest, antagonism; (to) contend, dispute, challenge, contest, dis
sent, litigate, accuse, argue, quarrel, reprimand, advocate, speak out publicly,
 bring (suit, a complaint, a grievance), demand justice, plead before a court (s, ed, 
ing); (to be) quarrelsome, adversarial

Notes:
The biggest problem with the word Conflict for a Gua Ming is in its seeming implication of necessary ill-will. It doesn't cover the other conditions possible here: of jousting, sport, sporting competition, lively debate, the free marketplace of ideas, or healthy dialectic. These all need to be recognized as having potential positive value. The word Contention is one of the options broad enough to encompass this wideer range, or at least that is my contention.

07  師  Shī

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
The Army (N) MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
The Military MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #37
Balkin The Army Meyer Common Cause
Barrett
The Army
Needham Organized Action
Blofeld
The Army Ni Military Leadership
Bonnershaw
The Army
Palmer The Army
Chan Chiu-ming
The Army
Pattee The Army
Chang
Military
Peden The Army
Chu
Military Expedition, The Army Perrottet Army
Chung Wu
The Army
Powell A Troop of Soldiers
Clark
Leadership
Ra Uru Hu Role of Self
Cleary The Army, An Army Reifler Soldiers
Coates
Leadership of Others
Richmond Many Forms Within One √
Collins
Collective Force
Richter The Army
Crouch
The Army
Riseman The Army
Damian-Knight
The Army, Challenge, Concentrating Resources Ritsema & Karcher Legions, Leading
Dening
The Army
Rutt Troops
Dhiegh
The Army, Teacher, Military Discipline Seabrook Discipline
Douglas
The Army Secter Teamwork, Coordinating Strategy
Feng
The Army
Shaughnessy The Troops
Fu Youde The Army
Shchutskii The Army
Graeme
Army, Multitude, Marshalling our Resources
Siu The Army
Hacker
An Army Sneddon Group Action
Hatcher
The Militia
Sorrell Honor, Loyalty, Integration
Heyboer
Legion, Leading
Stackhouse The Mass of Humanity
Hoefler
Gathered Strength
Stein The Women ?
Huang, Alfred
Multitude
Sterling Army
Huang, Kerson
The Army Sung Multitude, Army
Javary
Organizing Oneself
Toropov The Army
Jou
Army
Walker, Barbara Army, Collective Force
Judge
Controlled Threat
Wallace The Militia
Karcher
Legions
Wei, Henry Armed Forces
Kim-Anh Lim
Mobilizing the Army
West The Army
Koh Kok Kiang
The Army
Whincup The Army
Kumoyama, Taisen
Army, Organized Multitude, Collective Force
Wilhelm The Army
Kunst Army
Wing Collective Force
Legge
The Host, The Army
Wu Jing-Nuan The Multitude, The Army, The Host
Leichtman
Collective Unconscious, Gathered Forces
Wu, Yi The Army
Liu, Da
The Army Wu Wei Collective Forces
Lynn
The Army
Wu Weifarer Legions
Machovec
Group Leadership
Young The Army
Market
Leadership
Yu, Titus A Troop of Warriors
Marshall, Chris
The Army

McCarver
Group Action 十翼 Shi Yi 眾 Zhong4, The Multitude

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
07.M, Key Words
Ready reserves, liquidity, solvency, mobile and fungible assets, resourcefulness

Interdependence, collective force, strength in numbers, coalition, solidarity, allies

Instruction, discipline, training, regimen; planning for contingency, preparedness

Hedging, strategic security, expedience; chain of command based on merit or skill

Guardians, host; multiple uses of resources, the masses used as reservoir or pool

A defensive army disguised as a people, an ad hoc army or a grass-roots militia


07.G, From the Glossary
Shi1 (a, the) militia, military, reserves, army, armies, host, hosts, legion(s), troops, 
garrison; general, master, specialist, teacher, tutor, expert, leader, instructor, director, sage, 
assessor, example, (role) model; expertise, organization, preparedness, readiness; 
[liquidity]; all; the people, the multitude, population; (to) teach, instruct, emulate, 
imitate, take as a norm or standard; model or pattern after another; militarily; unit 
of 2500 troops

Note:
It is a little misleading to gloss this as The Army, especially with its modern connotation of “standing army.” However, the late 20th century army (militia) of Switzerland provides a nearly perfect example of the hidden, liquid and mobile Reserves described and advocated in this Gua. Their knives also have the corkscrews and fingernail files, for performing their alternate duties as regular people and citizens. The notions of Leader, Teacher, or the role of experience, also figure importantly in 07's core meaning, providing the instruction or instilled/ingrained structures that allow the masses to change their shape when the need arises.

08    Bǐ

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Union
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Merging
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #19
Balkin Union Meyer Close Ties
Barrett
Seeking Union
Needham Coherence
Blofeld
Unity, Coordination
Ni Fellowship (13)
Bonnershaw
Association
Palmer Unity
Chan Chiu-ming
Alliance
Pattee Unity
Chang
Cooperation
Peden Union
Chu
Uniting
Perrottet Holding Together
Chung Wu
Subservience
Powell Seeking Unity
Clark
Grouping
Ra Uru Hu Contribution
Cleary Accord
Reifler Seeking Union
Coates
A Community Working Together
Richmond The Diverse ?
Collins
Holding Together Richter Standing Together (45)
Crouch
Alliance
Riseman Union
Damian-Knight
Holding Together, Unity Through Leadership Ritsema & Karcher Grouping
Dening
Joining the Right Group
Rutt Joining
Dhiegh
Holding Together, Union, To Compare Seabrook Common Interest
Douglas
Unity
Secter Uniting, Leadership (07), Direction
Feng
Harmony
Shaughnessy Alliance
Fu Youde Trust
Shchutskii Drawing Near (19)
Graeme
Seeking Union, Belonging, Becoming One
Siu Leadership (07)
Hacker
Alliance
Sneddon Union
Hatcher
Belonging
Sorrell Teamwork, Agreement, Friendship
Heyboer
Stand By
Stackhouse Banding Together (45), Comparing
Hoefler
Union
Stein Holding Together (Union)
Huang, Alfred
Union
Sterling Union
Huang, Kerson
Support (45)
Sung Subaltern [for the marginalized] Assistance
Javary
Cohering
Toropov Union
Jou
Loyalty
Walker, Barbara Unity, Joining, Coordination
Judge
Solidarity (45)
Wallace Union
Karcher
Grouping
Wei, Henry Neighborliness (13)
Kim-Anh Lim
Solidarity (45)
West Association
Koh Kok Kiang
Unity
Whincup Alliance
Kumoyama, Taisen
Close Association, Alliance (45), Unity
Wilhelm Holding Together (Union)
Kunst Ally With, Pair
Wing Unity
Legge
Union, Attachment
Wu Jing-Nuan Union, To Follow (17), To Associate
Leichtman
A New View, Wholeness
Wu, Yi Assistance
Liu, Da
Union
Wu Wei Joining, Supporting, Uniting
Lynn
Closeness
Wu Weifarer Alliance
Machovec
Unifying Spirit
Young Holding Together
Market
Joining Together
Yu, Titus Emulating
Marshall, Chris
Union


McCarver
Union 十翼 Shi Yi 親 Qin1, Relations; 輔 Fu3, Assistance

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
08.M, Key Words
Affiliation, association, alliance, confluence, congress, concourse, convergence

Assimilation, coherence, cohesion, concord, commonality; bonding, joining, unity

Affinity, accord, mutuality, merging, sharing, union, nearness, welcome, kinship

Similarity, relatedness; to be drawn together; group by type and family, compare

Identification with; organic leadership, forces of attraction; kind-ness, like-ness

Common ground, origin, interest or cause; mitakuye oyasin (all of my relations)


08.G, From the Glossary
Bi3 (to) accord, belong, combine, go together, join, affiliate, unite, associate (to, 
with); sort, compare, match, assemble, join, follow, (put, hold) together, draw an 
analogy (s, ed, ing); (to be) affiliated, paired (with), concordant, well-disposed; 
close, familiar; successive, comparable, analogous, similar; on behalf of; (a, the) 
union, belonging, affiliation, association, togetherness, congestion, commonality

Notes:
Joining together for a purpose or a cause, as for an alliance, security or support, is much more consistent with the core meaning of Gua 45 that 08. Both are formed of Water over the Earth, but more artifice is required, in the form of dams or embankments, to contain the body of water than the stream. The Togetherness in Gua 08 is out of a natural affinity and common ground. The water here is free-flowing. It is more about belonging than joining.

09  小畜  Xiǎo Chù

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Small Restraint
MWD - Hatcher Shao3 Shu2 Small Harvest/Reaping
Albertson
Limiting by the Weak
MWD - Shaughnessy 少菽 #58, Small Harvest
Balkin Small Accumulation Meyer A Bit Held Back
Barrett
Small Taming
Needham Lesser Inhibition, Taming
Blofeld
The Lesser Nourisher
Ni Small Accumulation
Bonnershaw
The Little Cultivator
Palmer Holding Back the Less Able
Chan Chiu-ming
Building Up Influence
Pattee Force of the Small
Chang
Open-Mindedness
Peden The Nurture of the Small
Chu
Small Power
Perrottet Domination by Weakness
Chung Wu
Restraint of the Small
Powell The Power of the Weak
Clark
Small Gathering
Ra Uru Hu Focus
Cleary Small Obstruction, Nurturance of the Small
Reifler Minor Restraint
Coates
The Power of the Modest
Richmond Using what is Small
Collins
Power of the Small
Richter Small Cattle
Crouch
Farming in the Small
Riseman The Restraining
Damian-Knight
Limited Influence
Ritsema & Karcher Small Accumulating
Dening
Exercising Restraint
Rutt Farming Minor
Dhiegh
Taming Power of the Small, Domestic Animals Seabrook Minor Restraint
Douglas
Restrained by the Weak
Secter Hindrance, Diversion (44), Distraction (44)
Feng
Cultivation of the Small
Shaughnessy Small Domestic Animals
Fu Youde Little Increment
Shchutskii Rearing of the Small
Graeme
Taming Power of the Small Siu Restraint by the Weak
Hacker
Small Restraint, Small Accumulation
Sneddon Taming Force
Hatcher
Raising Small Beasts
Sorrell Interference, Intuition, Taking Precautions
Heyboer
Tending Small Livestock
Stackhouse Small (or Reduced) Involvement
Hoefler
The Hindrance
Stein The Cleansing Wind
Huang, Alfred
Little Accumulation
Sterling Taming Power of the Small
Huang, Kerson
Small Cattle
Sung Small Restraint
Javary
Taming through Yin
Toropov The Restraining Power of the Small
Jou
Small Saving
Walker, Barbara Clouds, Small Nurture
Judge
Subtle Restraint
Wallace Small Husbandry
Karcher
Small Accumulating
Wei, Henry Mild Restraint
Kim-Anh Lim
The Small Tames
West Mild Restraint
Koh Kok Kiang
The Taming Power of the Small Whincup Small is Tamed
Kumoyama, Taisen
Retraining & Taming, Small Developments
Wilhelm The Taming Power of the Small
Kunst Small Domestic Animal, Keep, Nurture
Wing Restrained
Legge
Nourishing
Wu Jing-Nuan A Small Offering, Raise Cattle
Leichtman
Limitation (60), Gentleness (57)
Wu, Yi The Small Accumulation
Liu, Da
Taming the Small Powers
Wu Wei Gentle Retraint
Lynn
Lesser Domestication
Wu Weifarer Small Accumulation
Machovec
Moderation
Young Minor Accumulation
Market
Restrained Approach
Yu, Titus Small Cultivation of Ch'i
Marshall, Chris
Restraining


McCarver
Minor Restraint 十翼 Shi Yi 懿文 Yi4 Wen2 Restraint and Refinement

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
09.M, Key Words
Complexity, complications, attenuation; chaos, complexity, little things adding up

Micromanagement, diminishing returns, getting caught up in the details, fussiness

Irritants, nuisances, trifles, worries, cares, distractions, the back-breaking straws

Attrition, erosion, small demands; wearing forces, shaping, refining & polishing

Long-term finitude, insignificance, limited influence, tiny pieces of big puzzles

Subtle persuasion, gradual adaptation and cumulative changes, fine adjustments

09.G, From the Glossary
Xiao3  (to be) average, common, diminished, homogeneous, humble, insignificant, 
lesser, light, little, low(ly, er, est), mean, mediocre, minor, minute, modest, ordi-
nary, slight, small(er, est), petty, tiny, trifling, trivial, unimportant, young(er, est), 
minimal; (a, the) commonness, homogeneity, littleness, meanness, mediocrity, 
pettiness, smallness; commonly, ordinarily; in detail; some small, of little, a little; 
for a short (time, while); (to) diminish, minimize, shrink, belittle; does not imply 
bad or wrong, but sometimes inferiority.
Chu4 (to) take care of, care for, provide for, tend (to), attend (to), keep, raise, 
feed, nurture, sustain, nourish, rear, bring up, support, shelter, cherish, train, 
manage, cultivate, retain, restrain, tame, (bring under) control, herd, domesticate, 
raise beasts animals, brutes; accumulate, store up, gather, hoard, reserve (s, ed, 
ing); (a, the) nurture, cultivation, culture, domestication, husbandry, management, 
training; domestic animal; raising ... beasts; also pronounced xu4 in verb form, to raise animals

Notes:
The expression “God is in the detail” is attributed to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Being an architect, this may  have been uttered in a moment of self-congratulation. The expression “The Devil is in the details” soon followed. If we put it to a vote as to who’s really in there, the Devil gets nine times as many Google hits. In any event, it's awfully crowded down in those details. To Micromanage the world is like herding cats: it will keep you occupied and well away from more important endeavors, well-trained, tamed and domesticated. This Gua is a reminder that there are different scales in life. The value of the small scale diminishes when this polishing or refinement is overdone.

10    Lǚ

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Treading Carefully MWD - Hatcher Li3, Propriety, Manners, Courtesy, Respect
Albertson
Treading MWD - Shaughnessy 禮 #4, Treading
Balkin Treading Meyer Foot Steps
Barrett
Treading
Needham Slow Advance (53)
Blofeld
Treading, Conduct
Ni Conduct
Bonnershaw
Treading
Palmer Walking Craefully
Chan Chiu-ming
Following (17)
Pattee Treading
Chang
Courtesy
Peden Treading
Chu
Treading, Conduct Perrottet Stepping
Chung Wu
Cautious Treading
Powell Treading Wisely
Clark
Treading
Ra Uru Hu Behavior of the Self
Cleary Treading Reifler Treading
Coates
Proper Conduct
Richmond Becoming Real ?
Collins
Treading Richter Treading
Crouch
Step
Riseman Treading
Damian-Knight
Sincerity, Conduct Ritsema & Karcher Treading
Dening
Treading Carefully
Rutt Stepping
Dhiegh
Treading, Conduct, Routinized Seabrook Taking a Chance
Douglas
Treading Secter Audacity, Impertinence, Boldness (46)
Feng
Strutting
Shaughnessy Ritual
Fu Youde Treading
Shchutskii Stepping, Offensive
Graeme
Treading, Proper Conduct
Siu Stepping Carefully
Hacker
Treading Sneddon Treading Carefully
Hatcher
Respectful Conduct
Sorrell Courage, Daredevil, Taking Risks
Heyboer
The Footprints of the Ancestors
Stackhouse Self-Confidence
Hoefler
Behavior
Stein Treading Softly (Correctness)
Huang, Alfred
Fulfillment
Sterling Treading
Huang, Kerson
Treading Sung Stepping Carefully
Javary
Walking on Thin Ice (64)
Toropov Stepping
Jou
Stepping
Walker, Barbara Conduct, Treading Carefully
Judge
Careful Conduct
Wallace Treading
Karcher
Treading
Wei, Henry Cautious Tread
Kim-Anh Lim
Treading Carefully
West Treading
Koh Kok Kiang
Walking Carefully
Whincup Treading
Kumoyama, Taisen
Carefully, Conducting Oneself Skillfully
Wilhelm Treading (Conduct)
Kunst Step On, Shoes
Wing Conduct
Legge
Treading, Walk Softly
Wu Jing-Nuan To Walk, Action
Leichtman
Balance, Propriety
Wu, Yi Treading
Liu, Da
Treading Wu Wei Walking your Path
Lynn
Treading
Wu Weifarer Treading
Machovec
Tact √
Young Conduct
Market
Treading with Caution
Yu, Titus Treading
Marshall, Chris
Being Cautious


McCarver
Treading Carefully 十翼 Shi Yi 禮 Li3, Propriety, Courtesy, Respect

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
10.M, Key Words
Conduct, deportment, tact, correctness, concordance; taking steps, actualizing

Treading carefully, circumspect behavior, action’s meetness, conscientiousness

Audacious steps, challenge, hazarding, strategy, performance; tests, trials, rites 

To carry out, honor; living up to standards; walking the walk, finding right track

Procedure, protocol; divine guardianship on terms not your own; reality check

Perform as ‘move through form’; function properly; testing faith, tempting fate


10.G, From the Glossary
Lu3 (to) step, take steps, take a step, tread, walk, trample (on, upon); perform, 
conduct oneself, carry (on, out), honor, fulfill (s, ed, ing); (a, the) step, footstep 
(s); shoes, sandals; conduct, behavior, path, track; function, performance, ceremony; respectful conduct, heedful conduct

Notes:
Finding the optimum balance between what you want to do and what the world will allow, you are, in a sense, what you get away with. At least we have safety, mortality and extinction to keep us in check, and at least in this we are guaranteed one reason to cultivate some respect in our conduct.

11  泰  Tài

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Peace (N) MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Peace MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #34
Balkin Peace Meyer Safe and Sound
Barrett
Flow
Needham Progression, Prosperous
Blofeld
Peace
Ni Peace, Harmony, Good Opportunity
Bonnershaw
Peace
Palmer Benevolence ?
Chan Chiu-ming
Smooth Interaction
Pattee Peace
Chang
Balance
Peden Peace
Chu
Peace Perrottet Peace
Chung Wu
Prosperity
Powell Peace
Clark
Peaceful Flow
Ra Uru Hu Ideas
Cleary Tranquility
Reifler Peace
Coates
A Time of Harmony
Richmond Harmonious Action
Collins
Peace Richter Peace
Crouch
Heroes (Across the Water) ?
Riseman Peace
Damian-Knight
Peace Ritsema & Karcher Pervading
Dening
Overall Harmony
Rutt Great
Dhiegh
Harmony, Liberal, Prosperous
Seabrook Harmony
Douglas
Peace Secter Merging, Harmony, Synergy √
Feng
Utopia
Shaughnessy Greatness, Happiness
Fu Youde Peace
Shchutskii Flowering
Graeme
P., Pervading Energy, Riding the Great Wave
Siu Peace
Hacker
Peace, Flowing Sneddon Peace
Hatcher
Interplay
Sorrell Peace, Harmony, Benevolence
Heyboer
Mount Tai
Stackhouse Rising Above Adversity
Hoefler
Prospering
Stein Peace
Huang, Alfred
Advance (46)
Sterling Peace
Huang, Kerson
Peace Sung Successfulness
Javary
Flourishing
Toropov Peace
Jou
Positive
Walker, Barbara Peace
Judge
Peace
Wallace Affluence (55)
Karcher
Pervading
Wei, Henry Prosperity
Kim-Anh Lim
Prosperity (55)
West Peace
Koh Kok Kiang
Tranquility
Whincup Flowing
Kumoyama, Taisen
Peace, Tranquility, Prospering
Wilhelm Peace
Kunst Great
Wing Prospering
Legge
Waxing
Wu Jing-Nuan Great, Prosperous, Extensive
Leichtman
Growth
Wu, Yi Peace
Liu, Da
Peace Wu Wei Peaceful Prosperity, Harmony
Lynn
Peace
Wu Weifarer Peace
Machovec
Personal Development
Young Flowering
Market
Harmony
Yu, Titus Intermingling √
Marshall, Chris
Peace


McCarver
Peace 十翼 Shi Yi 交 Jiao1, Interaction, Interrelation

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
11.M, Key Words
Affirmation, prosperity, accessibility, availability, agreeableness, concert, peace 

Reconciling opposites, integrating, conjoining, synergy, symbiosis, coexistence 

Complements, interaction, interpenetration, interregulation, intercourse, harmony 

Interaction, communication, attunement; thriving, positivity, affirmation, optima

To suffuse, permeate; the resolution of paradox, broad-mindedness, hybrid vigor

Healthy & productive arrangements; confirmation, facilitation, accord, interlacing


11.G, From the Glossary
Tai4 (a, the) (free) interplay, harmony, peace, facility, prosperity, happiness, 
success, extravagance, affluence; grandiosity; smooth interaction; (to be) har-
monizing, prospering, prosperous, pervading, exalted, honorable, superior, 
extravagant, flowering, flourishing, great, affirming, broad minded, liberal, 
extensive, large, permeating, pervasive, grand, most, extreme, interactive, safe,
peaceful, tranquil; the west wind; (to) spread out, suffuse, interpenetrate, permeate, pervade, communicate (s, ed, ing); greatly

Note:
Peace doesn't really convey the core meaning of 11, even though this can occur within Tai. The core meaning  is closer to "everything working together in a greater good, as if this is how things should be." Peace may be a nice, positive state, but the word doesn't convey any sense of the dynamic energy and productive output of this exuberant interaction of forces. Synergy would be a better name if it wasn't so anachronistic.

12    Pǐ

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Stagnation
MWD - Hatcher Fu4, Wife, Matron, but Pi3 a.p. Fou3, loan?
Albertson
Decadence
MWD - Shaughnessy 婦 #2, The Wife, also notes possible loan
Balkin Standstill Meyer Complete Standstill
Barrett
Blocked
Needham Stagnation, Retrogression
Blofeld
Standstill, Obstruction (N) Ni Misfortune ?
Bonnershaw
Stagnation
Palmer Obstruction
Chan Chiu-ming
Obstruction (N)
Pattee Standstill
Chang
Division
Peden Stagnation
Chu
Standstill, Stagnation Perrottet Stagnation
Chung Wu
Stagnation
Powell Standstill
Clark
Obstruction
Ra Uru Hu Caution
Cleary Obstruction Reifler Disjunction
Coates
A Time of Inactivity
Richmond Standstill
Collins
Stagnation Richter Obstruction
Crouch
Eclipse (36)
Riseman Disharmony
Damian-Knight
Standstill, Stagnation Ritsema & Karcher Obstruction
Dening
Stagnation
Rutt Bad √
Dhiegh
Standstill, Decision Making, Choice √ Seabrook Greed ?
Douglas
Stagnation Secter Separation √, Standstill, Pulling Apart
Feng
Chaos
Shaughnessy Negation, Obstructed
Fu Youde Obstruction
Shchutskii Decline
Graeme
Stagnation, Obstruction, Divergence (38)
Siu Clogging, Stagnation
Hacker
Standstill Sneddon Stagnation
Hatcher
Separating
Sorrell Stopped, Powerless, Obstructed
Heyboer
To Say No √
Stackhouse Separate Inclinations or Tendencies
Hoefler
The Standstill Stein Disharmony, Waning
Huang, Alfred
Hindrance (39)
Sterling Stagnation
Huang, Kerson
Stagnation Sung Closing
Javary
Deteriorating
Toropov Standing Still (Stagnation)
Jou
Negative
Walker, Barbara Stagnation, Standstill
Judge
Stagnation
Wallace Disjunction
Karcher
Obstruction
Wei, Henry Adversity
Kim-Anh Lim
Decline
West Stagnation
Koh Kok Kiang
Stagnation
Whincup Blocked
Kumoyama, Taisen
Obstruction, Delay, Impeding Stagnation
Wilhelm Standstill (Stagnation)
Kunst Bad √, Not
Wing Stagnation
Legge
Waning, Distress (47)
Wu Jing-Nuan To Close, To Stop
Leichtman
Impasee (39), Resistance
Wu, Yi Adversity
Liu, Da
Stagnation Wu Wei Separation, Decline
Lynn
Obstruction
Wu Weifarer Disorder
Machovec
Frustration √
Young Standstill
Market
Disharmony
Yu, Titus Alienation
Marshall, Chris
Disharmony


McCarver
Retrogression 十翼 Shi Yi 不交 Bu4 Jiao1, No Interaction/Interrelation

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
12.M, Key Words
Disjunction, discontinuity, disengagement, pulling apart, alienation, indifference 

Denial, negation, division, schism, pettiness, aloofness, apathy, numbness, decay 

Stagnation, entropy, disorder, decadence, standstill; to misunderstand, disapprove

Ignorance, small-mindedness, lowest common denominators, leaders out of touch

Stratification, abstraction, disintegrity, disarray, dissonance, disharmony, discord

Non-participation, non-cooperation, negating and the need to negate, wrongness


12.G, From the Glossary
Bi3 (to be) inferior, wrong, worthless, decaying, bad, stagnant, stagnating, disin-
tegrating, alienated, inappropriate; (to) deny, refuse, stop, negate, disapprove (of), 
separate (from) (s, ed, ing); on the contrary; not, if not, or not, not do; (a, the) 
standstill, stagnation, separation, disintegrity, negation, denial, incoherence; [entropy]; what is not so; not, wrong; also pronounced fou3: to not be, if not, if out of

Note:
Obstruction is a poor choice of names in this context, even without the confusion with Gua 39. It may be a valid gloss for the word Pǐ (also pronounced Fǒu) in its broader usage in the language, but its use here betrays a misunderstanding of the forces at work in this Gua. These forces are moving in different directions, away from each other, not in opposition or confrontation. The core meaning is that we have a choice between the superior and the inferior, an opportunity to exercise our own good judgment and conscience, and to practice Selection, the neglected half of the evolutionary process. Bad is actually a fairly good name for this Gua, but drawing this does not mean that things will be bad. It is simply an opportunity to make a good choice.

13  同人  Tóng Rén

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Fellowship With Men MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Human Association
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #6
Balkin Fellowship With People Meyer People Living Together
Barrett
People in Harmony
Needham State of Aggregation (08, 45)
Blofeld
Like-Minded Persons, Beloved Friends
Ni Uniting with People
Bonnershaw
Fellowship
Palmer Companions
Chan Chiu-ming
Joining Forces
Pattee Fellowship
Chang
Grouping
Peden Fellowship
Chu
Fellowship, Brotherhood Perrottet Community
Chung Wu
Fellowship
Powell Companions
Clark
Friendship
Ra Uru Hu Listener
Cleary Sameness with People
Reifler Society
Coates
A Productive Association
Richmond Fulfillment in Difference
Collins
Community
Richter Gathering
Crouch
Mustering Men
Riseman Social Fellowship
Damian-Knight
Fellowship With Men, Cooperation Ritsema & Karcher Concording People
Dening
Cooperating with Others
Rutt Mustering (03, 07)
Dhiegh
Fellowship With Men, United, Companionate Seabrook Sharing
Douglas
Fellowship Secter Relationship, Laison, Companionship
Feng
Together with People
Shaughnessy Gathering Men
Fu Youde Fellowship
Shchutskii Relatives
Graeme
Seeking Harmony
Siu Fellowship
Hacker
Companions
Sneddon Companionship
Hatcher
Fellowship With Others
Sorrell Companionship, Sharing, Cooperation
Heyboer
Mankind
Stackhouse People Who Fit Together Well
Hoefler
Togetherness
Stein Sisterhood
Huang, Alfred
Seeking Harmony
Sterling Solidarity with Men
Huang, Kerson
Gathering (45)
Sung Companionship
Javary
Agreeing with All
Toropov Fellowship
Jou
Fellowship
Walker, Barbara Fellowship, Community, Friends
Judge
Fellowship
Wallace Fellowship
Karcher
Concording People
Wei, Henry Comradeship
Kim-Anh Lim
Concord Among People
West Fellowship
Koh Kok Kiang
Fellowship With Others Whincup With Others
Kumoyama, Taisen
Association of Friends or Equals
Wilhelm Fellowship With Men
Kunst Gather, People
Wing Community
Legge
Union of Men, Brotherhood
Wu Jing-Nuan Union of Men
Leichtman
Integration, Fellowship Wu, Yi Uniting (with) People
Liu, Da
Fellowship of Men Wu Wei Mingling
Lynn
Fellowship
Wu Weifarer Unity
Machovec
Friendship
Young Relatives
Market
Fellowship Yu, Titus Companions
Marshall, Chris
Fellowship

McCarver
Companionship 十翼 Shi Yi 類族 Lei4 Zu2, Class and Family

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
13.M, Key Words
Society, social organization, human association, classes of people, community

Extended family, fraternity, agreement, coalition; crossing cultural boundaries 

Ethnocentrism, anthropocentrism & xenophobia; common purposes & causes

Mutual endorsement and admiration societies, like-minded people, consensus

Schools of thought, group-think, cultural diversity, relativity of mores & values

Belief systems, collective associations, mass follies; symposiums, convergences


13.G, From the Glossary
Tong2 (to) agree, assemble, assimilate, affiliate, associate, belong, come together, 
commune, partake in, conform to, congregate, converge, concur, gather, harmo-
nize, identify, join, make uniform, share, unite (s, ed, ing) (in, with, to); (to be) 
alike, all, as one, colloquial, concordant, conforming, consensual, equal, identical, 
identified, in the company of, like minded, one, one with, similar, the same, united,
together with, unanimous,; (a, the) community, assembly (ies), associates, asso-
ciation, colleagues (of), agreement, convergence, fellowship (with), meeting, joining, 
gathering, harmony, identity, oneness, partners, sameness, unity, union; of the same 
...; fellow...; simultaneously, concurrently; and, with, as well as
Ren2  (a, the) person, people, man, woman, one(s), other(s), another, human being, 
individual (s); each (one), other persons/people; anybody, anyone, everybody, 
everyone, somebody, someone (else)(’s); some, those; humanity, humankind, 
mankind, society; character, citizen, fellow, folk; inhabitant, member, occupant, 
participant, persona, personality, population, personnel, staff, role; (in) adulthood; 
(of) maturity; (to be) human, adult, grown, mature; humanity’s; (a, the) person’s, 
people’s, occupant’s; fellow-; -body, -man, -person, -ist

Notes:
What binds us together here, our consensus or shared intention, is an important part of the core meaning of 13, since this is what defines the line between Us and that Fellowship over there, across the Great Stream. This is cultural anthropology then, and has, as its highest goal, to define the line that surrounds us all, the search for human nature and its proper realtionship with the stars that hover so high above our campfires, to borrow the image from the Da Xiang.

14  大有  Dà Yǒu

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Abundance (55)
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Wealth in Profusion
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #50
Balkin Great Possession Meyer Major Holding
Barrett
Great Possession
Needham Greater Abundance
Blofeld
Great Possessions Ni Great Provides
Bonnershaw
Wealth
Palmer Many Possessions
Chan Chiu-ming
Great Wealth
Pattee Great Possessions
Chang
Great Wealth
Peden Prosperity
Chu
Great Possessing, Amassing
Perrottet Possession of Great Things
Chung Wu
Great Wealth
Powell Abundant Possessions
Clark
Prosperity
Ra Uru Hu Power Skills
Cleary Great Possession Reifler Wealth
Coates
Modesty in a High Position
Richmond Fulfillment
Collins
Great Wealth Richter Great Possession
Crouch
Big Haul
Riseman Possession in Abundance
Damian-Knight
Possession in Great Measure Ritsema & Karcher Great Possession
Dening
Outstanding Good Fortune
Rutt Large, There
Dhiegh
Possession in Great Measur, Great Having Seabrook Success
Douglas
Wealth
Secter Prosperity, Responsibility, Managing Assets
Feng
Great Affluence
Shaughnessy The Great Possession
Fu Youde Great Possession
Shchutskii Possession of Many Things
Graeme
Possession in Great Measure, Great Harvest Siu Wealth
Hacker
Great Possessions Sneddon Abundance
Hatcher
Big Domain
Sorrell Prosperity, Affluence, Possessions
Heyboer
Great Assets
Stackhouse Great Possessions Indeed
Hoefler
Prosperity
Stein The Goddess’ Gifts
Huang, Alfred
Great Harvest
Sterling Possession in Great Measure
Huang, Kerson
Great Harvest Sung Great Possession
Javary
Great Power to Make Real
Toropov Possessing Plenty
Jou
Great Possession
Walker, Barbara Wealth, Great Possessions
Judge
Wealth
Wallace Great Possession
Karcher
Great Possessions, Great Possessing
Wei, Henry Great Wealth
Kim-Anh Lim
Great Power of Achievement
West Wealth
Koh Kok Kiang
Abundance (55)
Whincup Great Wealth
Kumoyama, Taisen
Great Possessions Wilhelm Possession in Great Measure
Kunst Big Have
Wing Sovereignty √
Legge
Great Havings
Wu Jing-Nuan Great Possessions
Leichtman
Good Fortune, Abundance
Wu, Yi Great Possession
Liu, Da
Great Possessions Wu Wei Great Wealth
Lynn
Great Holdings
Wu Weifarer Great Gifts
Machovec
Real Wealth √
Young Great Possession
Market
Prosperity and Abundance
Yu, Titus Great Possession
Marshall, Chris
Plenty of Time


McCarver
Great Possession 十翼 Shi Yi 歸焉 Gui1 Yan2, Belonging Here

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
14.M, Key Words
Possession of greatness, wealth, endowments, enrichment, abundance, affluence

Assets, dominion, domain as the home, belonging here, tenure; laying of claims

Vantage, command, territory, (spheres of) influence; enterprise, venture, credit

Value, interest, appreciation, treasuring, worth, gratitude, counting of blessings

Wealth of experience; owning one’s power to assign, rearrange and revise values

Prometheus (foresight), gave fire from heaven to man; entitlement, appropriation


14.G, From the Glossary
Da4  (to be) accomplished, best, better, big, complete, critical, crucial, developed, 
enormous, entire, extreme, far, full, fully grown, good, grand, great(er, est), hea-
vy, high, large(r), (very, greatly) important, long, loud, major, mature, mighty,
more, most, noble, noteworthy, old, overall, (more, most) perfect, pure, realized,
ripe, seasoned, serious, significant, strong, successful, vast, whole, wholesome, 
vital; a lot of, full of, lots of; master-, (a, the) completeness, (full) development, 
entirety, grand(eur, ness), greatness, growth, (great) importance, largesse, ma-
jority, maturity, vastness, wholeness; a great deal, (very) much, very; already, 
completely, entirely, fully, greatly, thoroughly, wholly, en masse, well-; of (great, 
crucial, vital) importance
You3 (to) be, (in) being; (there, one, it, this, they, those) is, am, are, was, were, 
being, has, have, had, has/have been, will be, come(s) to be; (there is) one, some-
one, something; exist, remain, stay (s); become, arise, appear, grow, attain to, 
learn to be, turn into; (there) will, would, could, may, might, can (be); (this) will 
get; (if there) is, are, was, were; (were) there, one, it, they; have, (in) having; (one, 
that, they) has, have, had; has one’s, have their; had (one’s, their); contain, hold 
(onto), keep, maintain, own, retain, possess, stay; presume, assume, remember, 
take ... for granted; will have, (one they) (will, could, might, may) have; bring (up, 
about); get, achieve, acquire, attain, capture, claim, earn, find, gain, learn, take on; 
seize, take, took (possession of) (s, ed, ing); (to be) present, there; in possession of, 
possessed of, with; contained, held; abundant, rich, plentiful; (a, the) attainment, 
claim, possession (of); being, existence, presence; domain, dominion (in, over); 
what exists/is there; the, this, this one, the one in question; something; anybody, 
somebody, someone (’s); given this/that, this (being) given; of, about, with, for; 
His (especially of the sovereign), his, her, its, their; will, would ... with, to, for; 
-ing, -ous

Note:
In the Shi Yi section, Gui1 Yan2, Belonging Here, is from the Xu Gua. The word Domain in my own Gua Ming translation comes from the Latin Domus, home. A Domine was the lord of a household manor, and by analogy, became a name for the Western deity. Dominion, then, is to lay claim to a domain, to own it, to make oneself at home in this part of the world. And, as with owning up to something, it implies a sense of taking responsibility. A deed or title may not be necessary to one who has control over what owning and valuing really mean in the end. Great Possessing, then might be a better name than Great Possessions.

15    Qiān

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Humility (N) MWD - Hatcher Qian1, Deficient, Unworthy, Lowly
Albertson
Humility MWD - Shaughnessy 嗛 #35, Modesty
Balkin Modesty (N) Meyer Modest Approach
Barrett
Integrity
Needham Highness in Lowness
Blofeld
Modesty
Ni Modesty, Egolessness
Bonnershaw
Modesty
Palmer Modesty
Chan Chiu-ming
Modesty
Pattee Modesty
Chang
Humility
Peden Humility
Chu
Modesty Perrottet Modesty
Chung Wu
Humility
Powell Humility
Clark
Humility
Ra Uru Hu Extremes
Cleary Humility
Reifler Modesty
Coates
Modesty in a Superior Man
Richmond Adapting to the Flow
Collins
Modesty Richter Modesty
Crouch
Modesty (Hamster)
Riseman Modesty
Damian-Knight
Modesty Ritsema & Karcher Humbling, Holding Back
Dening
Modesty
Rutt Rat
Dhiegh
Respectful, Humble, Retiring, Modesty Seabrook Modesty
Douglas
Modesty Secter Humility, Modesty, Selfless Action
Feng
Humility
Shaughnessy Unsatisfied
Fu Youde Modesty
Shchutskii Humility
Graeme
Modesty, Humbleness, Authenticity
Siu Modesty
Hacker
Modesty Sneddon Modesty
Hatcher
Authenticity
Sorrell Humility, Modesty, Gentleness
Heyboer
Give and Take
Stackhouse Holding One's Words, Without Prejudice
Hoefler
Moderation
Stein Temperance
Huang, Alfred
Humbleness
Sterling Modest
Huang, Kerson
Modesty Sung Humility
Javary
Restraining Oneself
Toropov Humility
Jou
Modesty
Walker, Barbara Modesty, Moderation
Judge
Unpretentiousness √
Wallace Humility
Karcher
Humbling, Holding Back
Wei, Henry Humility
Kim-Anh Lim
Restraint
West Modesty
Koh Kok Kiang
Modesty
Whincup Modesty
Kumoyama, Taisen
Lack of Prentiousness and Ostentation √
Wilhelm Modesty
Kunst Hamster, Humble
Wing Moderation
Legge
Humility, Merit
Wu Jing-Nuan Modesty
Leichtman
Being Centered, Moderation
Wu, Yi Humility
Liu, Da
Modesty Wu Wei Modesty, Humbleness, Moderation
Lynn
Modesty
Wu Weifarer Modesty
Machovec
Humility
Young Modesty
Market
The Middle Way
Yu, Titus The Emptied
Marshall, Chris
Modesty


McCarver
Modesty
十翼 Shi Yi 平施 Ping2 Shi1, Fair/Just Apportionment

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
15.M, Key Words
Due regard, respectfulness, to honor others according their merit; ordinary reality

Genuine, unpretentious, unassuming, modest, accurate, realistic, honest, authentic

Consistent, inexcessive; basis in fact, surety, solidity, firmness, stability, sobriety

Curtailing the superfluous, parsimony; thoroughness, realism; rocks in the rough

On solid foundations; exacting appreciation, accurate assessment, groundedness

Simplicity, nothing extra or extraneous, restraint, limiting to the most stable form


15.G, From the Glossary
Qian1 (a, the) authenticity, respectfulness, respect, modesty; (to be) unassuming, 
authentic, respectful, yielding, deferent, reverent, humble, modest; deficient

Note:
Modesty is a little weak here as the Gua Ming, even though, ironically, this is the best translation of the word Qian as used in several of the lines. Several of the lines describe what is wrong with our conventional understanding of modesty, especially the disingenuous self-effacement. This understanding is confirmed by the Mawangdui Gua Ming, also Qian, which toadies and sycophants would use to describe themselves as Unworthy. Humility is weaker still, this coming much closer to the subject of 62. Honesty would be a better gloss for the core meaning of the Gua, and "tell it like it is" or "call a spade a spade" a better description. In the Da Xiang many translators drift towards saying the objective is to make things equal, to level things out. This is incorrect. The objective is to know them for what they are, to give a fair assessment. There is in this Gua a little bit of holding back or conservative reluctance to go too far in assessing things. Note that the unbroken line is back of center, suggesting reticence. See the notes at Gua 16 for contrast, where the unbroken line is ahead of center, suggesting readiness.

16    Yù

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Harmony
MWD - Hatcher Yu2, 1st Person; Yu2, Surplus, Overflow
Albertson
Enthusiasm
MWD - Shaughnessy 余 #27, Excess
Balkin Enthusiasm Meyer Getting Things Ready
Barrett
Enthusiasm
Needham Inspiration
Blofeld
Repose
Ni Comfort
Bonnershaw
Complacency
Palmer Enthusiasm
Chan Chiu-ming
The Joyous (58)
Pattee Enthusiasm
Chang
Entertainment
Peden Enthusiasm
Chu
Broadcasting
Perrottet Enthusiasm
Chung Wu
Merriment
Powell Anticipation (5)
Clark
Preparing
Ra Uru Hu Skills
Cleary Joy, Happiness
Reifler Enthusiasm
Coates
An Enthusiastic Following
Richmond In Rest
Collins
Weariness (47)
Richter Happiness
Crouch
Enthusiasm (Elephant)
Riseman Enthusiasm
Damian-Knight
Enthusiasm Ritsema & Karcher Providing For, Responsibility
Dening
Thinking Ahead
Rutt Elephant
Dhiegh
Enthusiasm Seabrook Enthusiasm
Douglas
Calm Confidence
Secter Inspiration, Confidence, Enthusiasm
Feng
Flowing, Singing
Shaughnessy Comfort
Fu Youde Enjoyment
Shchutskii Freedom
Graeme
Delight, Enthusiasm, Being Ready
Siu Contentment
Hacker
Contentment
Sneddon Harmony
Hatcher
Readiness
Sorrell Motivation, Inspiration, Encouragement
Heyboer
Weaving Images
Stackhouse Eager to Get Going, Ready to Go
Hoefler
Enthusiasm Stein Enthusiasm, Willingness
Huang, Alfred
Delight
Sterling Enthusiasm
Huang, Kerson
Weariness (47)
Sung Harmonious Joy
Javary
Burning Oneself Out
Toropov Enthusiasm
Jou
Joy
Walker, Barbara Repose, Harmony
Judge
Enthusiasm
Wallace Pride ?
Karcher
Providing For, Responding
Wei, Henry Satisfaction
Kim-Anh Lim
Joyful Enthusiasm
West Enthusiasm
Koh Kok Kiang
Enthusiasm Whincup Contentment
Kumoyama, Taisen
Joyful Enthusiasm, Confident Repose
Wilhelm Enthusiasm
Kunst Elephant
Wing Harmonize
Legge
Pleasure, Harmony, Satisfaction
Wu Jing-Nuan Easy Movement, Pleasure
Leichtman
Divine Order, Evocation
Wu, Yi Enjoyment
Liu, Da
Happiness
Wu Wei Enthusiasm, Revelry
Lynn
Contentment
Wu Weifarer Enthusiasm
Machovec
Happiness
Young Enjoyment
Market
Enjoyment
Yu, Titus Elephant Dance
Marshall, Chris
Enthusiasm


McCarver
Harmonious Joy 十翼 Shi Yi 順動 Shun4 Dong4, Responsive Movement

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
16.M, Key Words
Enthusiasm, eagerness, exuberance, willingness, zest, the joyful noise, inspiration 

Spontaneity, attunement, rhythms, consonance, synchrony; an optimum readiness 

Acting in a timely fashion; responsive movement; prepare, provide for, allow for

Forwardness, predisposition, inclination, initiative, earnestness, encouragement

Confidence, preparedness, contentment, satisfaction; using momentum and inertia

Complacent, smug, self-indulgent; enthusiasm as Theos within, needing an outlet


16.G, From the Glossary
Yu4 (to) prepare, provide, allow, (get, make) ready, prearrange, anticipate, pre-
sume, make allowance(s), take precaution(s) (for); think beforehand; be happy, be 
content, rejoice (s, ed, ing); (a, the) preparation, preparedness, readiness, antici-
pation; willingness, cheerfulness, enthusiasm, contentment; complacency, smug-
ness, indulgence, swinishness, surplus, surfeit; responsive action, easy movement; 
excursions back and forth; (to be) prepared (for), ready (for); alerted, cautious, 
careful; willing, content (to); comfortable, satisfied, at ease, happy (with); docile; 
idle, remiss; preliminary, provisional; already, previously, beforehand; elephant-
like, slow, heavy, ponderous, deliberate, inertial; in advance, in preparation

Notes:
There is a confusing ambivalence in the way Yu is translated, in a range from a thrilled enthusiasm to a weary or even smug complacency. Between these is a Readiness or a Preparedness to go either way, along with the flow. Maybe the key here is in the Tuan Zhuan's gloss of Shun Dong, Responsive Movement, which also handily accounts for the reference to music in the Da Xiang text. The unbroken line in the image leans just forward of center, perhaps indicating a slight predilection for forward motion, given the right excuse, just as 15's line holds itself slightly back in a more conservative position.

17    Suí

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Following MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Adjusting
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #47
Balkin Following Meyer Getting Along With
Barrett
Following
Needham Succession
Blofeld
Following, According With Ni Compliance, Following
Bonnershaw
Following
Palmer According or Agreeing With
Chan Chiu-ming
Alignment
Pattee Following
Chang
Following
Peden Following
Chu
Following Perrottet Handing Over
Chung Wu
Following Powell Allegiance
Clark
Following
Ra Uru Hu Opinions
Cleary Following Reifler Following
Coates
Encouraging Followers
Richmond Becoming, New Form
Collins
Following Richter Following
Crouch
Pursuing
Riseman Following
Damian-Knight
Following, Adaptation to the Times Ritsema & Karcher Following
Dening
Being Adaptable
Rutt Pursuit
Dhiegh
Acquiring Followers, To Accompany, Accord
Seabrook Following
Douglas
Following Secter Following, Pursuing, Accompanying
Feng
Following, Tracking
Shaughnessy Following
Fu Youde Following
Shchutskii Succession
Graeme
Following, The Quest
Siu Acquiring Followers
Hacker
The Chase
Sneddon Following
Hatcher
Following
Sorrell Pursuit, Ambition, The Chase
Heyboer
Follow without Resistance
Stackhouse Following the Ways, Participating
Hoefler
The Succession
Stein Following
Huang, Alfred
Following
Sterling Following
Huang, Kerson
The Chase
Sung Following
Javary
Following
Toropov Following
Jou
Following
Walker, Barbara Following, Adaptation, Accord
Judge
Following
Wallace Following
Karcher
Following Wei, Henry Following
Kim-Anh Lim
Following
West Following
Koh Kok Kiang
Following Whincup The Hunt
Kumoyama, Taisen
Willing to Folllow, Adaptability
Wilhelm Following
Kunst Pursue, Pursuit, Marrow
Wing Adapting
Legge
Following
Wu Jing-Nuan Following, Follow
Leichtman
Accepting (2), Adaptability
Wu, Yi Following
Liu, Da
Following Wu Wei Leading and Following
Lynn
Following
Wu Weifarer Following
Machovec
Associating with Others (13)
Young Following
Market
Following Yu, Titus Following
Marshall, Chris
Following

McCarver
Following 十翼 Shi Yi 隨時 Sui2 Shi2, Following the Time/Season

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
17.M, Key Words
Quest, search, pursuit, seeking; incentives, attraction, allure, affinity, tugging, bait 

Draw, pull, persuasion, compliance; consequent, consequence; adapting as fitness

To go along with, find the rhythm of, taking a pulse; follow up & follow through

Allegiances, loyalties; subordinating, adherence, obedience, consent, submission 

Guidance, orientation; succeeding, succession; magnetic center, ethical compass

Opportunism in taking guidance, advice & direction; follow as tracking & hunting 


17.G, From the Glossary
Sui2 (to) follow (up, through); succeed, trail, go along, fall in with, wait on, com-
ply, accord, let, allow, adopt, adapt, conform, respond (in, with, to); lag behind, 
accompany, imitate, look like, resemble, carry out, pursue, chase, go after, come 
after (s, ed, ing); (to be) followed by, successive, succeeding, consecutive, sub-
sequent; pursued, chased; (a, the) consequence, succession, pursuit, company, 
success, response; obsequiousness; subsequently, afterward(s), next, then, at once, 
presently, instantly, forthwith, right behind, in due course, in the course of time, 
accordingly, according to

Note:
Without question, Following is the perfect Gua Ming here, but this only leaves us the task of unfolding it like a Chinese word and exposing its many dimensions to cover the proper territory of this Gua. Following should carry a broad set of connotations that include active, even aggressive, modes of following, such as tracking, hunting and pursuit. You can follow your gut or follow a hunch. It is not just doing what your deity's minister tells you what the deity tells you to do. To follow properly is to Succeed. It is not merely Following passively along: there is Thunder in the Lake here, and the movement is driven by a sensible pulse. The pulse occurs in time, like a drum beat, and ''following in time' is brought up in the Tuan Zhuan and described in the Da Xiang. Finally, the Nuremberg defense of "I was only following orders" is suggested in 17.6, where it follows that there are consequences to being someone else's consequence.

18    Gǔ

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Arresting Decay
MWD - Hatcher Ge4, Identity, Individuality, Personality, Ego
Albertson
Removing Decay
MWD - Shaughnessy 箇 #16, Branch
Balkin Remedying Meyer Festering Mess √
Barrett
Corruption
Needham Corruption
Blofeld
Decay
Ni Correcting the Corruption
Bonnershaw
Decay
Palmer Decay
Chan Chiu-ming
[The Parents] Enterprise
Pattee Work on Decay
Chang
Prevention
Peden Repair
Chu
Decay, Correcting
Perrottet Renewal
Chung Wu
Misdeeds
Powell Arresting Decay
Clark
Error
Ra Uru Hu Correction
Cleary Degeneration, Disruption
Reifler Fixing
Coates
Eliminating Stagnation and Decay
Richmond Decay
Collins
Repair the Broken
Richter Corruption
Crouch
Curse of the Fathers
Riseman Reparation of the Spoiled
Damian-Knight
Work on What Has Been Spoiled Ritsema & Karcher Corruption, Rennovating
Dening
Dealing with Decay
Rutt Mildew
Dhiegh
Work on ... Spoiled, Poison, Decay Seabrook Repair
Douglas
Decay
Secter Repair, Correcting, Restoring
Feng
Decay
Shaughnessy Disorder
Fu Youde Decay
Shchutskii Correction
Graeme
Decay, Poison, Renovation, Work...Spoiled
Siu Arresting of Decay
Hacker
Illness, Decay
Sneddon Arresting Decay
Hatcher
Detoxifying
Sorrell Decay, Repair, Responsibility
Heyboer
Can o' Worms
Stackhouse Inner Turmoil from Disease, Bad Ideas
Hoefler
The Restoration
Stein Decay
Huang, Alfred
Remedying
Sterling Working on What is Corrupted
Huang, Kerson
Work
Sung Destruction
Javary
Repairing
Toropov Work on what has Fallen into Disorder/Decay
Jou
Decay
Walker, Barbara Decay
Judge
Remedial Action
Wallace Degeneracy
Karcher
Corruption, Renovating
Wei, Henry Deterioration
Kim-Anh Lim
Restoring what has Deteriorated
West Decay
Koh Kok Kiang
Decay
Whincup Illness
Kumoyama, Taisen
Facing Disintegration or Decline, Disrepair
Wilhelm Work on What Has Been Spoiled (Decay)
Kunst Pestilence, Poison
Wing Repair
Legge
Having Painful/Troublesome Services to Do
Wu Jing-Nuan Poison, Destruction
Leichtman
Reform, Mending
Wu, Yi Work on Decay
Liu, Da
Work after Spoiling
Wu Wei Correcting Deficiencies
Lynn
Ills to be Cured
Wu Weifarer Coping
Machovec
Overcoming Backwardness
Young Fixing
Market
Revising Obsolete Patterns
Yu, Titus A Can of Worms
Marshall, Chris
Repairing Decay


McCarver
Decaying 十翼 Shi Yi 治 Zhi4 Healing, Curing, Setting Right

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
18.M, Key Words
Fixations, toxic ideas, dogma, pathologies, bad medicine, ego, poison, venom, rot

Degeneration, deterioration, decay, suffocation, spoilage, corruption, resentment

Righting wrongs, antidotes, reparation, restoration, renewal, fresh air; clear the air 

Revitalization, rejuvenation, redemption, stirring it up; purging, cleansing, curing 

Poor circulation, constipation, necrosis, atrophy, stuffiness, festering, decadence 

Stirring up, remedial action, corrective measures, flushing out the system, reform


18.G, From the Glossary
Gu3 (a, the) corruption, decay, decadence, rot, putrefaction, worms (in food or the
belly), toxicity, poison, pestilence; bad medicine, bad magic, slow poison, venom; 
fixation (s), stagnation, deception, guile, delusion, insanity; (glossed in guwen as 
chong M1519: worms, insects, reptiles); (a, the) renewal, healing, curing, purging, 
detoxifying; [neurosis, toxic ideas, a closed mind] ; (to be) fixated, degenerating, 
deteriorating, decaying. This is a janus word, meaning both to be poisoned and to 
cure from poison.

Notes:
Fixing or Arresting Decay is a little peculiar here since the problems have come from things being fixed, arrested, stuck or stagnant in pathological patterns and thus decaying for the lack of refreshing movement and vitality. Correction, then, involves putting things back in motion. Gu is a Janus word in this context, meaning both toxins and the recovery from toxins. Historically, Gu was a dark magic poison: one put a venomous snake, a scorpion, a spider, a lizard and a centipede together in a bowl. Then the remains of the last survivor were used to make a slave, cause insanity or work evil (young boys make this kind of concoction all the time, though actual creatures used may vary). This is Bad Medicine: not fresh, not alive and not changing. The idea of correcting injurious fixations in one's own lineage may have been sensitive at the time in the light of traditions of filial piety and reverence for the ancestors. The Zhouyi authors might have been taking an opportunity to broaden the spirit of this tradition by calling it a form of respect to improve one's lineage and in the process become better ancestors ourselves.

19    Lín

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Approach
MWD - Hatcher Lin2, Woods, Forest(er), Manager of a Group
Albertson
Drawing Near
MWD - Shaughnessy 林 #36, The Forest
Balkin Overseeing Meyer On the Verge Of
Barrett
Nearing
Needham Approach of Authority
Blofeld
Approach Ni Advancing
Bonnershaw
Approach
Palmer To Draw Near
Chan Chiu-ming
Approaches to Ruling
Pattee Approach
Chang
Governing
Peden Approach
Chu
Approach Perrottet Approach
Chung Wu
Condescension
Powell Approaching
Clark
Approaching
Ra Uru Hu Wanting
Cleary Overseeing
Reifler Conduct (10)
Coates
A Time of Expansion and Growth
Richmond Overgrowth
Collins
The Approach Richter Approaching
Crouch
Wailing
Riseman Conduct (10)
Damian-Knight
Advance, Approach, A Clead Road Ahead Ritsema & Karcher Nearing
Dening
Moving Towards Your Goal
Rutt Keening
Dhiegh
Approach, Provisional, About To Seabrook The Rise to Power
Douglas
Getting Ahead
Secter Opportunity Approaching, Possibility
Feng
Intimacy
Shaughnessy To Look Down Upon
Fu Youde Looking Down
Shchutskii Visit
Graeme
Appr. Greatness, Nearing, Taking Command
Siu Getting Ahead
Hacker
Authority Approaches Sneddon Approach
Hatcher
Taking Charge
Sorrell Taking Action, Encounter, Involvement
Heyboer
Overseeing
Stackhouse Different Classes of People
Hoefler
The Nearing
Stein Approach
Huang, Alfred
Approaching
Sterling Approach
Huang, Kerson
Prevailing
Sung Advance and Arrival
Javary
Approaching
Toropov Oversight of Action
Jou
Approach
Walker, Barbara Approach, Promotion
Judge
Initiative
Wallace Approach
Karcher
Nearing
Wei, Henry Advent
Kim-Anh Lim
Benevolent Attention
West Advance
Koh Kok Kiang
Overseeing
Whincup Leadership
Kumoyama, Taisen
Approaching, Overseeing, Promotion
Wilhelm Approach
Kunst Oversee (Sscrifice)
Wing Promotion
Legge
The Approach of Authority
Wu Jing-Nuan Advance
Leichtman
Self-Realization, Great Promise
Wu, Yi Approach
Liu, Da
Approach Wu Wei To Arrive, To Approach
Lynn
Overseeing
Wu Weifarer Approaching
Machovec
Moving Ahead
Young Becoming Great
Market
Gathering Strength
Yu, Titus On the Threshold
Marshall, Chris
Growth


McCarver
Approach 十翼 Shi Yi 與 Yu3, In Concert, Collaboration, Assistance

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
19.M, Key Words
To manage, preside, conduct, oversee, supervise, allocate, deploy; due diligence

Commitment, approach, engagement, assuming command, taking responsibility 

Accession, rising to the occasion, getting involved, going to work, undertaking 

Groundwork, prospect-us, preparation; ripe timing, moment at hand, imminence

Warming up, intending to do, mapping out things to be done; rolling up sleeves

Step up, gear up, tool up; implement, getting into position; on threshold, about to


19.G, From the Glossary
Lin2 (a, the) management, undertaking, oversight, responsibility, supervision, 
commitment, accession, prospect, project, prospectus; exalted approach; (to) 
supervise, oversee, manage, take command, take charge, commit (oneself), arrive, 
near, approach, go to, be about to, view from above, look down on, look in on, 
inspect, condescend to, favor (s, ed, ing); (to be) temporary, provisional, ad hoc, 
near to, about to, on the brink of, imminent, at hand; [rolling up sleeves, getting 
down and dirty]

Notes:
The core meaning of Lin derives from its assocaition to the 12th Month of the year, the month of getting ready to really get ready to begin working on this new year's harvest, now a mere "eight months" away. But you don't work on it by counting the 8th Month's harvest so far ahead of time. It is untimely to step back and admire your work now. Fast Approaching is the busiest season in an agricultural community. It is Nearing the time to roll up the sleeves and get dirty. If you are not in motion yet then you are laying out plans of attack, hiring workers, clearing the irrigation ditches (see the Gua Xiang as a furrow in the Earth) and readying the equipment, hence the references to leadership and management skills, and glosses of overseing and oversight. Some people who draw this aren't farmers, but some kind of Accession, stepping up into a position of greater work or responsiblility, is indicated.

20    Guān

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Contemplation MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Contemplation MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #59
Balkin Viewing Meyer Looking Things Over
Barrett
Seeing
Needham View, Vision
Blofeld
Looking Down
Ni Contemplation, Point of View
Bonnershaw
Viewing
Palmer Examine
Chan Chiu-ming
Observation
Pattee Contemplation
Chang
Inspection and Introspection
Peden Contemplation
Chu
Contemplation Perrottet Contemplation
Chung Wu
Admiration
Powell Contemplation
Clark
Contemplation
Ra Uru Hu The Now
Cleary Observing, Observation
Reifler Contemplation
Coates
Contemplation of the Meaning of Life
Richmond Wholeness ?
Collins
Contemplation Richter Viewing
Crouch
Observance
Riseman View
Damian-Knight
A Panoramic View, Planning, Projecting
Ritsema & Karcher Viewing
Dening
Taking an Overview
Rutt Observing
Dhiegh
Contemplation, View, Examine Seabrook Concentration
Douglas
Contemplation Secter Composure, Awareness, Contemplation
Feng
Observing
Shaughnessy Looking Up
Fu Youde Observing
Shchutskii Contemplation
Graeme
Discerning Meaning, Gaining Perspective
Siu Contemplation
Hacker
Observing
Sneddon Contemplation
Hatcher
Perspective
Sorrell Contemplation, Perspective, Observation
Heyboer
The Heron
Stackhouse Looking, Seeing, Showing
Hoefler
Observation
Stein Contemplation (Example)
Huang, Alfred
Watching
Sterling Contemplation
Huang, Kerson
View
Sung Steady Observation
Javary
Seeing the Truth
Toropov Contemplating
Jou
Observation
Walker, Barbara Contemplation
Judge
Recognition
Wallace Observing
Karcher
Viewing
Wei, Henry Contemplation
Kim-Anh Lim
Contemplation
West Contemplation
Koh Kok Kiang
Observing
Whincup Watching
Kumoyama, Taisen
Observing or Contemplating
Wilhelm Contemplation (View)
Kunst Observe
Wing Contemplating
Legge
Manifesting and Contemplating
Wu Jing-Nuan To Observe
Leichtman
Inner Patterns, Reading the Signs
Wu, Yi Contemplation
Liu, Da
Observation
Wu Wei Seeing Yourself Inwardly ?
Lynn
Viewing
Wu Weifarer Contemplation
Machovec
Perception
Young Contemplation
Market
Deep Understanding
Yu, Titus Bird's Eye View
Marshall, Chris
View


McCarver
Observation 十翼 Shi Yi 省 Xing3, Studying, Examining, Inspecting

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
20.M, Key Words
Observe, view, attend, study, contemplate, consider, examine; the examined life

Investigation, reconnaissance, review, survey, learning, comprehension, compass

(Changing) points of view, frames of mind, postulates, hypotheses, outlooks, ken 

Frames of reference, reframing; universes of discourse; suspending a (dis-)belief

Overview, taking inventory, overall view, objectivity(-ification); reading the signs 

Understanding other perspectives, a point of view of being beheld or objectified


20.G, From the Glossary
Guan1 (to) attend, behold, comprehend, consider, contemplate, divine, evaluate, 
examine, gaze (at, upon), gaze with concentration, look (at/for/to), observe, per-
ceive, see, study, view, watch, scry, regard (s, ed, ing); (a, the) comprehension, 
observation, perception, perspective, prospect, scenery, sight, view, vista

Note:
Guan is the same word found in Guan Yin, the goddess of compassion. Yin there means calls or cries, which are heard and felt, not seen. Guan, then, is attending with more senses than vision. Most glosses emphasize the sight, but the understanding of Guan here should be broader than this. Attending or Studying may work somewhat better for this particular aspect of Guan. The six lines trace a gradual improvement in perspective, from narrow to comprehensive, and in our access to alternative or additional points of view. Also important to the mix is the idea of being viewed, trying to see ourselves more objectively, which attends the gain of alternative points of view. Exemplary behavior, becoming a better, cleaner person is the flip side of earnest study.

21  噬嗑  Shì Hé

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Biting Through MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Severing
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #55, Pron. Shike
Balkin Biting Through Meyer First Bite, Deep Breath
Barrett
Biting Through
Needham Biting or Burning Through
Blofeld
Gnawing
Ni Biting Through Hardship
Bonnershaw
Chewing
Palmer Biting Through
Chan Chiu-ming
Biting, Law Enforcement
Pattee Biting Through
Chang
Justice
Peden Biting Through
Chu
Gnawing Through Perrottet Biting Through
Chung Wu
Biting
Powell Biting Through
Clark
Gnawing
Ra Uru Hu Hunter/Huntress
Cleary Biting Through Reifler Biting Through
Coates
Breaking Through Obstacles
Richmond Oppression (47)
Collins
Biting Through Richter Biting and Snapping
Crouch
Biting Through
Riseman Biting Through
Damian-Knight
Being Decisive
Ritsema & Karcher Gnawing and Biting Through
Dening
Getting Down to Essentials
Rutt Flaying
Dhiegh
Biting Through, Loquacious, Reformation Seabrook Decisiveness (43)
Douglas
Biting Through Secter Breakthrough, Wotking Through, Persisting
Feng
Biting and Chewing
Shaughnessy Biting and Chewing
Fu Youde Biting
Shchutskii Clenched Teeth
Graeme
Biting Through, Eradicating an Obstruction
Siu Punishment
Hacker
Biting Through Sneddon Biting Through
Hatcher
Biting Through
Sorrell Effort, Determination, Making It Go Right
Heyboer
Biting Through Stackhouse Confrontation, Two Different Ways
Hoefler
Prevailing Against Odds
Stein Taking Hold (Recourse)
Huang, Alfred
Eradicating
Sterling Biting Through
Huang, Kerson
Biting Sung Mastication, Punishment, Pressing, Squeezing
Javary
Acting Decisively
Toropov Biting Past
Jou
Bite Through
Walker, Barbara Gnawing, Reform
Judge
Decisive Action
Wallace Biting Through
Karcher
Gnawing and Bitting Through
Wei, Henry Punishment
Kim-Anh Lim
Cutting Through Separation
West Biting Through
Koh Kok Kiang
Biting Through Whincup Biting Through
Kumoyama, Taisen
Persistent Biting and Chewing
Wilhelm Biting Through
Kunst Bite, Crunch
Wing Reform
Legge
Union by Gnawing, Biting Through
Wu Jing-Nuan To Bite and Chew
Leichtman
Inner Conflict, The Storm
Wu, Yi Biting for Closing Up
Liu, Da
Chewing
Wu Wei Punishment
Lynn
Bite Together
Wu Weifarer Biting Through
Machovec
Accepting Punishment
Young Biting Through
Market
Biting Through Yu, Titus Teeth Close
Marshall, Chris
Biting Through

McCarver
Biting Through 十翼 Shi Yi 明罰 Ming2 Fa2, Clear Penalties

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
21.M, Key Words
Gnaw, chew, bite + close together, shut noisily, clamp down; meta-level solutions

Retributive justice, enforcement, force, execution, dispatch, severity, lex talionis 

Emphatic judgment; police action & power; legal recourse, punishment, sentence 

Cogency, credibility, teeth, bite, decisiveness, incisiveness, trenchancy; severance

Instruments of justice, legal constraints, criminal law (dist Gua 06, civil disputes)

Insufferable things; accountability, culpability; closure, finality, termination, ends


21.G, From the Glossary
Shi4 (to) bite (into, on), bite down on, bite off, eat, devour, gnaw, chew (on) (s, 
ed, ing)
He2 (to be) through, together, closed, closing; (to) consolidate, bite, eat, chew, 
join the teeth; close, shut, unite, join (s, ed, ing); noisily, loudly, completely; as 
ke4: suddenly, promptly

Notes:
Many people will draw this Gua in a reading and wonder what punishment they may soon be facing. But thirty centuries ago the Zhouyi was written for the King, and then for the inner court, and so this Gua actually describes the process and ethics of administering or executing justice, not receiving it. The Yi is now in the hands of the common man, who might have a lot to feel guilty about, and in this case he might apply the recipient's perspective to himself, but this was not the original intent. The no-nonsense Eliminating Obstacles to one's intentions is reminiscent of Alexander's treatment of the Gordian Knot: you simply slice right through the problem. Today it may be argued that one of the great components of the crime rate combines the unfair, excessive, sloppy or biased formulation of the law with the seeming randomness or irregularity of its enforcement. Gua 21 recommends a different approach: simple laws with consistent and cogent enforcement.

22    Bì

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Adornment MWD - Hatcher Fan2, Complicated, Intricate, Prolific
Albertson
Elegance
MWD - Shaughnessy 繁 #14, Luxuriance
Balkin Adornment Meyer Refinement
Barrett
Beauty
Needham Ornament, Pattern
Blofeld
Elegance
Ni Adornment, Beautification
Bonnershaw
Style √
Palmer To Adorn
Chan Chiu-ming
Adornment
Pattee Grace
Chang
Beauty
Peden Grace
Chu
Adornmentation Perrottet Beauty
Chung Wu
Adornment Powell Grace
Clark
Beautify
Ra Uru Hu Openness ?
Cleary Adornment
Reifler Beauty
Coates
Aesthetic Form
Richmond Give Way ?, Knowing Both
Collins
Grace (N) Richter Adornment
Crouch
Well Dressed
Riseman Gracefullness
Damian-Knight
Grace Ritsema & Karcher Adorning
Dening
Adornment
Rutt Bedight
Dhiegh
Grace, Adornment, Elegant Seabrook Form
Douglas
Adornment Secter Adornment, Embellish, Elegance
Feng
Elegance, High Lights
Shaughnessy Decorated
Fu Youde Adornment
Shchutskii Decoration
Graeme
Elegance, Adorning, Coming into Bloom
Siu Public Image
Hacker
Adornment Sneddon Adornment
Hatcher
Adornment
Sorrell Beauty, Celebration, Acceptance
Heyboer
Flower Power
Stackhouse Beauty, Art, Culture, Ornament
Hoefler
Loveliness
Stein Grace
Huang, Alfred
Adorning
Sterling Grace
Huang, Kerson
Decoration
Sung Decoration
Javary
Embellishing
Toropov Grace
Jou
Grace
Walker, Barbara Elegance, Grace
Judge
Style √
Wallace Adorning
Karcher
Adorning
Wei, Henry Ornament
Kim-Anh Lim
Refinement
West Grace
Koh Kok Kiang
Adornment
Whincup Adorned
Kumoyama, Taisen
Adorning, Grace
Wilhelm Grace
Kunst Motley, Adorned
Wing Grace
Legge
Ornamental, Adorning
Wu Jing-Nuan Decorate
Leichtman
Perfection, Materialism
Wu, Yi Decoration
Liu, Da
Gracefulness, Decoration
Wu Wei Outer Refinement
Lynn
Elegance
Wu Weifarer Grace
Machovec
The Artificial You
Young Decoration
Market
Ornament
Yu, Titus Iridescently Composed
Marshall, Chris
Gracefulness


McCarver
Grace 十翼 Shi Yi 文 Wen2, Refinement, Enhancement

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
22.M, Key Words
Dressing up, beautifying, decorating, embellishing; relation of form to content

Elaboration, costumery, vanity, cosmetics, fashion, facade, veneer, posturing

Refinement, style, grace, elegance, charm, class, etiquette, protocol, formality

Nearsight, limited vision, myopia, glamour, fascination, sham, illusion, pomp

Superficiality, public image, fancy surfaces; proximity’s effect on apparent size

Aesthetics, beauty way, highlighted substance; the cultural artifact as substance


22.G, From the Glossary
Bi4 (to) adorn, dress (up), beautify, embellish, decorate, make graceful (s, ed, ing) 
(to be) elegant, brilliant, ornate, fancy, dressed up, sumptuous; superficial, near-
sighted; (a, the) adornment, ornamentation; shell, treasure; model (s)

Note:
As pleasant as Grace may be, is not a good Gua Ming. Only two slivers of the meanings of the English word Grace mesh with the core meaning of 22: the sense used in "social graces," and a grace of movement allowed by intense concentration or focus on what is nearby. The core idea is "vision that is limited to what is neaby," the Light blocked by the Mountain. This is nearsightedness, not in the pejorative sense of shortsightedness, but simply having a better view of the nearby than of the far away, and good reasons not to trust one's longer view of things. Think of politicians making long-term decisions with no real vision beyong the next election. Both the Tuan and the Da Xiang offer this caution. This is what is fashionable and shallow, but it's also what helps us to get along with each other, and sometimes some of the fashion and culture that comes out of it is worth keeping.

23    Bō

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Falling Apart
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Fracturing
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #11
Balkin Splitting Apart Meyer Coming Apart
Barrett
Stripping Away
Needham Disaggregation, Dispersion (59)
Blofeld
Peeling Off
Ni Erosion, Decline
Bonnershaw
Shedding
Palmer Peeling, Splitting
Chan Chiu-ming
Falling Apart
Pattee Splitting Apart
Chang
Fairness √
Peden Disruption
Chu
Cleavage
Perrottet Collapse
Chung Wu
Tearing
Powell Disintegration
Clark
Pruning
Ra Uru Hu Assimilation
Cleary Stripping Away
Reifler Collapse
Coates
A Time of Disintegration
Richmond Solitude
Collins
Splitting Apar Richter Splitting
Crouch
The Flaying
Riseman Disintegration
Damian-Knight
Separation (12)
Ritsema & Karcher Stripping
Dening
Doing Away with the Old (49)
Rutt Flaying
Dhiegh
Splitting Apart, To Peel Off, Flay, Intrigue Seabrook Disintegration
Douglas
Shedding (49)
Secter Downfall, Unstable, About to Collapse
Feng
Eating Away, Falls Down
Shaughnessy Flaying
Fu Youde Stripping Away
Shchutskii Destruction
Graeme
Splitting Apart, Stripping, Falling Away Siu Intrigue
Hacker
Falling
Sneddon Falling Apart
Hatcher
Decomposing
Sorrell Falling Down, Disintegration, Separation
Heyboer
The Wine Skin and the Knife
Stackhouse Laying Bare, Finality
Hoefler
Deterioration
Stein Splitting Apart
Huang, Alfred
Falling Away
Sterling Disintegration
Huang, Kerson
Loss (41)
Sung Falling, Flaying
Javary
Enduring (32)
Toropov Splitting Apart
Jou
Peeling
Walker, Barbara Splitting, Peeling Off, Deterioration
Judge
Deterioration
Wallace Breaking Apart
Karcher
Stripping Wei, Henry Deprivation
Kim-Anh Lim
Usury
West Division
Koh Kok Kiang
Stripping Away Whincup Destruction
Kumoyama, Taisen
Stripping Away Wilhelm Splitting Apart
Kunst Flay, Strip
Wing Deterioration
Legge
Falling, Causing to Fall, Decay, Overthrow
Wu Jing-Nuan To Strip
Leichtman
Restraint, Schism
Wu, Yi Splitting
Liu, Da
Decay (18)
Wu Wei Undermining, Overthrowing, Ending
Lynn
Peeling
Wu Weifarer Stripping Away
Machovec
Dealing with Deceit
Young Splitting Apart
Market
Unstable Foundations
Yu, Titus Fracturing
Marshall, Chris
Disintegration


McCarver
Splitting Apart 十翼 Shi Yi 消 Xiao1, Deterioration, Decay

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
23.M, Key Words
Curtail, abridge, cut back, trim excess, pare down, deprive, skin, strip, flay, ruin

Ground, downgrade, stabilize, consolidate, broaden base, return to basics, reduce

Deterioration, breakdown, overthrow, destabilization, deconstruction, insecurity 

Overripeness, dross rotting around a seed, nourishment from decay, germination

Germaneness, essentials; pruning; concessions for sustainability, wide foundation

Leaving what should be left, carrying on with less but with stability; lightening up


23.G, From the Glossary
Bo1 (to) curtail, (pare, cut, break) down, abridge, strip away, split, lay bare, ex-
propriate, reduce, cut up, skin, peel, flay, deprive, ruin, break, pluck, degrade, 
scavenge, loot (s, ed, ing); (to be) decomposing, decadent, unsustainable, dis-
integrating, breaking down; deprived, stripped (of), ill-founded; (a, the) deconstruction, destruction, deterioration

Notes:
If you look closely at a climax ecosystem you will see that the quantity of death and decay is exactly equal to the quantity of birth and growth. Recycling is mandatory. This may be humankind's least favorite of all the natural laws and the efforts we spend in its denial are truly staggering in scope. So there it is: we live one life, in a system that's much bigger than we are. We pile it up as high as we can, then watch it go back down. Some of us participate by returning the favors as we go, as if to pay our rent. They Consolidate and maintain their base of support. The truly noble support the people below them, the true noble has noblesse oblige, the noble obligation. The knives eventually come out for those who do not. The natural gravity gets an assist. The Gua Xiang is a too-tall tower, an affront to the laws of gravity if it lacks an adequate base, a picture of the Unsustainable. But the fruit has to rot for the seed to sprout, and the beast that's for dinner needs to be skinned.

24    Fù

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Returning MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Returning MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #39
Balkin Return Meyer Coming Back Again
Barrett
Returning
Needham Point of Return
Blofeld
Return Ni Revival, Renewal
Bonnershaw
Return
Palmer Return
Chan Chiu-ming
Returning
Pattee Return
Chang
Cycle
Peden Return
Chu
Return Perrottet Turning Point
Chung Wu
Renewal
Powell The Turning Point
Clark
Return
Ra Uru Hu Rationalizing
Cleary Return Reifler Returning
Coates
A New Cycle Begins
Richmond Return and Make New
Collins
Return Richter Returning
Crouch
Return
Riseman Returning
Damian-Knight
The Return, Turning Point, Transition Ritsema & Karcher Returning
Dening
Turning Point
Rutt Returning
Dhiegh
Return, To Repeat, Restore, Renewal Seabrook Return
Douglas
Returning Secter Return, The Turning Point, New Beginning
Feng
Recycle, Spring's back
Shaughnessy Returning
Fu Youde Return
Shchutskii Return
Graeme
Return, Turning Back
Siu Recovery
Hacker
Return Sneddon Returning
Hatcher
Returning
Sorrell Return, Renewal, Rebirth
Heyboer
Return to your Town
Stackhouse Turning Back, Returning
Hoefler
The New Beginning
Stein The Wheel of Life (Return)
Huang, Alfred
Turning Back
Sterling Return
Huang, Kerson
Return Sung Returning
Javary
Returning
Toropov Returning
Jou
Return
Walker, Barbara Return, Repeating
Judge
Recovery
Wallace Return
Karcher
Returning Wei, Henry Returning
Kim-Anh Lim
Return of the Light
West Returning
Koh Kok Kiang
Return Whincup Return
Kumoyama, Taisen
Return Wilhelm Return (The Turning Point)
Kunst Return Wing Repeating
Legge
Returning, Coming Back
Wu Jing-Nuan Return
Leichtman
Cycles, Renewal
Wu, Yi Returning
Liu, Da
Return, Revival Wu Wei Return of the Right Force
Lynn
Return
Wu Weifarer Returning
Machovec
Minor Setback ?
Young Renewal
Market
The Turning Point
Yu, Titus Turning Back
Marshall, Chris
Return


McCarver
Returning 十翼 Shi Yi 反 Fan3, Reversal, Turning Around/Back

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
24.M, Key Words
Coming back, coming home, coming around, beginning anew; to resume, retrace

Re-; Restoration, restitution, redintegration, renewal, reunion, recovery, resilience 

Natural processes, cycles, the inevitability of cycles, recycling; renewed promise 

Pivotal point, still point, turning point, axis of the world, winter solstice, rebirth

Core truths surviving digression, reconstitution, rededicated efforts, revitalization

More coming around than turning back, 361 degrees instead of 180 degrees (Fan)


24.G, From the Glossary
Fu4  (to) devolve, recover, recur, redo, renew, recommence, recall, repay, reply, 
repeat, restore, resume, retrace, return, revert, revise, revive, (come, go, turn) 
around, back, home (to); fall back (on); overturn, turn over (s, ed, ing); (a, the) 
answer, recovery, recurrence, renewal, reply, response, return; (to be) in answer, 
reply, response, return (to); recurring, recurrent; again, repeatedly; coming and 
going

Notes:
I would use Returning here instead of Return, since a verb is better at keeping processes in motion. As with notions of duality at the time of the Zhouyi's composition, there didn't seem to be quite as complicated or convoluted a notion of cyclicity as was later developed in Chinese culture, but enough of it was there in the turning of the Si Shi or Four Seasons, and observances were already marked at twelfth and twenty-fourth points of the year. This was the Rule of Heaven and this Gua marks what is perhaps its most signigicant transit, across the Winter Solstice, when the light began to Turn Around and Return. As such it would become a synecdoche for the entire cycle and the cyclicity of processes in general. But as a Gua Ming, Returning must also expand to include Returning to the Way or Path that is proper to humanity. In fact, the Tuan uses the word Dao here in this original sense, long before it became plastered over with all of the metaphysical nonsense. It doesn't even say where the path is: it assumes that deep down you know and know the way back.

25  无妄  Wú Wàng

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Correctness
MWD - Hatcher Wu2 Meng4, No Leading, Pressing Forward
Albertson
Innocence MWD - Shaughnessy 无孟 #7, Pestilence
Balkin Innocence Meyer Simple-Hearted
Barrett
Without Entanglement
Needham Unexpectedness
Blofeld
Integrity, The Unexpected
Ni Innocence, Unexpected Happening
Bonnershaw
Honesty
Palmer Not False
Chan Chiu-ming
The Unexpected
Pattee Innocence
Chang
Endurance
Peden Innocence
Chu
Circumspection, The Unexpected
Perrottet Innocence
Chung Wu
Freedom from Vainness Powell Innocence
Clark
Disentangling (40)
Ra Uru Hu Spirit of Self
Cleary No Error, Fidelity
Reifler The Simple
Coates
Natural Innocence
Richmond Natural Innocence
Collins
Innocence Richter The Unexpected
Crouch
Unexpected
Riseman Simplicity
Damian-Knight
Innocence, The Unexpected Ritsema & Karcher Without Embroiling
Dening
Innocence (Avoiding Complications)
Rutt Unexpected
Dhiegh
Innocence, Unexpected, Instinctive Goodness Seabrook Simplicity
Douglas
Simple Integrity
Secter Naturalness, Spontaneous, Unpretentious
Feng
No Fault, Naiveté
Shaughnessy Pestilence, a Disease
Fu Youde The Unexpected
Shchutskii Faultlessness
Graeme
Innocence, Without Falshood, Disentangling
Siu Instinctive Goodness
Hacker
No Error, No Expectations
Sneddon Innocence
Hatcher
Without Pretense
Sorrell Unexpected, Spontaneous, Openness
Heyboer
Natural
Stackhouse Innocence, Not Hiding, Not Offending
Hoefler
The Unexpected Stein Innocence (Wonder)
Huang, Alfred
Without Falsehood
Sterling Innocence
Huang, Kerson
Propriety ?
Sung Freedom from Error
Javary
Spontaneously Reacting
Toropov Innocence
Jou
Innocence Walker, Barbara Innocence, The Unexpected
Judge
Spontaneity
Wallace Without Presumption
Karcher
Without Embroiling
Wei, Henry Blamelessness
Kim-Anh Lim
Innocence
West Innocence
Koh Kok Kiang
Fidelity
Whincup No Expectations
Kumoyama, Taisen
Innocent Faithfulness
Wilhelm Innocence (The Unexpected)
Kunst Not Expect, Reckless, The Unexpected
Wing Innocence
Legge
Free from Insincerity
Wu Jing-Nuan Without Blame, Without Error
Leichtman
Humility ?
Wu, Yi Non-Fault
Liu, Da
Innocence (The Unexpected) Wu Wei Innocent Action, Unexpected Misfortune
Lynn
No Errancy
Wu Weifarer Innocence
Machovec
Childlike Simplicity
Young Innocence
Market
Innocent Success
Yu, Titus Without Expectations
Marshall, Chris
Innocence


McCarver
Freedom from Error 十翼 Shi Yi Zheng4, Integrity, Uprightness

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
25.M, Key Words
Lacking, avoiding, no + presumption, pretension, recklessness, falseness, delusion 

Artlessness, guilelessness; naturalness, simplicity, sincerity, a natural intelligence

Natural gifts, instinctive goodness, spontaneity, integrity, innocence, inner voices

Pure motives, openness, surprise, wonder, original mind, faith in innate goodness

Credulity, vulnerability, susceptibility, accessibility; good faith; the noble savage

Presumption of innocence, benefit of doubt; issues of confidence, trust & honesty


25.G, From the Glossary
Wu2  (to be, being, is, am, are, will be, exists, remains) (has, have, had, having, 
with) (do, does, did) (there is/are/will be) (it/this/these is/are) no, not, nothing, 
never, rarely, seldom, no longer, without, with no; but (no, not); there, this, these 
(is, are) no, not, nothing (of); not (a, the); (to be) absent, gone, non-existent; des-
titute, wanting, in vain; lacking in; free of/from; avoided, devoid, void, deprived, 
regardless, instead (of), rather than, despite; not much, no longer; not being; (the) 
least, minimum, (so, very) little; no matter; no ... done; neither ... nor, whether ... or 
not, without ... or; (to) (simply) lack, want; avoid, escape; not have, own/possess/ 
have no/less/fewer; find/leave/use no; do no, not do, do nothing to (s, -ed, -ing); 
(will, would) not (be); do(es) not exist; were there no; has/have gone off; will/ 
would not be(come); (a, the) absence/lack/want of, avoidance of; nothing, emp-
tiness, non-being/existence, no-thing-ness; un-, ill-, im-, in-, dis-, de-, non-; -less; 
don't, do not
Wang4 (a, the) presumption, pretense, expectation, falseness, duplicity, pretext, 
guile, deceit, folly, error, disorder, disarray, distraction, extravagance, distortion; 
(to be) irregular, incoherent, presumptuous, pretentious, full of oneself, false, 
erroneous, vain, futile, ignorant, fanciful, duplicitous, wild, empty, void, reckless, 
entangled, idle, incorrigible, absurd, stupid, wanton, foolish, disorderly, untrue, 
embroiled, entangled; falsely, wrongly, foolishly, wantonly; (to) look toward, ex-
pect, hope; assume, presume, pretend (s, ed, ing)

Notes:
Artlessness or Guilelessness can translate both words in Wu Wang literally. This is about being true to your nature and ignoring whatever there is of culture that might get in the way of this. The Zhouyi makes a point of noting that this is not a guarantee that things will not go wrong, even if the converse is true and being Artful and full of Guile will generally get you into trouble. Zhuangzi proposes: "Perfect sincerity offers no guarantee." Things happen without reason or purpose, things happen by accident, although many reasons are made up in retrospect, especially to account for bad things happening to good people. Whole pantheons of deities are made up out of this. But a life lived simply to learn is superior to a life of pretending to know, and the odds generally fall in favor of the good-hearted. As an extra layer of protection against grave injustice, many societies add a presumption of Innocence or a benefit of the doubt for cases where questions arise, and the burden of proof falls on the accuser. People understand deep down that the violation of Innocence is a loss to us all, as it costs us our ability to trust. Without trust there can be no civilization.

26  大畜  Dà Chù

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
The Great Taming Force
MWD - Hatcher Tai4 Chu4, Same Meaning as Received Text
Albertson
Limiting by the Strong
MWD - Shaughnessy 泰畜 #10, Great Storage, pron. Taixu
Balkin Great Accumulation Meyer Unlimited Resources
Barrett
Great Taming
Needham Greater Inhibition
Blofeld
The Great Nourisher
Ni Great Amassment
Bonnershaw
The Big Cultivator
Palmer Great Domesticating Powers
Chan Chiu-ming
Building Up Great Strength
Pattee Force of the Great
Chang
Tolerance
Peden Restraint (44)
Chu
The Great Restraining
Perrottet Domination by Strength
Chung Wu
Restraint of the Great
Powell The Restraining Force
Clark
Focused Activity
Ra Uru Hu Egotist
Cleary Great Buildup, Nurturance of the Great
Reifler Major Restraint
Coates
Exercising Great Power
Richmond The Flow and the Channel ?
Collins
Holding Firm
Richter Great Cattle
Crouch
Farming in the Large
Riseman Great Power in Restraint
Damian-Knight
The Taming Power of the Great Ritsema & Karcher Great Accumulating
Dening
Controlling Your Resources
Rutt Farming, Major
Dhiegh
The Taming Power of the Great Seabrook Great Restraint
Douglas
Accumulation through Restraint
Secter Firm Restraint Under Pressure, Obligations
Feng
Cultivation of the Great
Shaughnessy Great Domestic Animals
Fu Youde Great Increment
Shchutskii Rearing of the Great
Graeme
Great Accumulation Siu Restraint by the Strong
Hacker
Big Restraint, Big Accumulation
Sneddon Taming Force
Hatcher
Raising Great Beasts
Sorrell Control, Harnessing Power, Taking the Reins
Heyboer
Raising Big Cattle
Stackhouse Great (or Increased) Involvement
Hoefler
The Great Taming Power
Stein The Wisewoman (Grounding) ?
Huang, Alfred
Great Accumulation
Sterling Taming Power of the Great
Huang, Kerson
Big Cattle
Sung Great Accumulation
Javary
Taming the Great
Toropov The Restraining Power of the Great
Jou
Great Saving
Walker, Barbara Energy, Great Nurture
Judge
Conservation √
Wallace Large Husbandry
Karcher
Great Accumulating Wei, Henry Great Restraint
Kim-Anh Lim
The Great Tames
West Strong Restraint
Koh Kok Kiang
The Taming Power of the Great Whincup Big is Tamed
Kumoyama, Taisen
Taming the Big, Great Accumulation
Wilhelm The Taming Power of the Great
Kunst Big Domestic Animal, Keep, Nurture
Wing Potential Energy
Legge
Great Restraint and Accumulation
Wu Jing-Nuan Great Restraint, Great Offering
Leichtman
Inner Power, Motivating Power
Wu, Yi Great Accumulation
Liu, Da
Taming the Great Powers
Wu Wei Great Restraint
Lynn
Great Domestication
Wu Weifarer Great Accumulation
Machovec
Self-Control
Young Major Accumulation
Market
The Power of Knowledge
Yu, Titus Major Cultivation of Ch'i
Marshall, Chris
Restraint (44)


McCarver
Major Restraint 十翼 Shi Yi 畜德 Chu4 De2, Training in Character

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
26.M, Key Words
Domesticating, taming, civilizing, harnessing, schooling, training, husbandry

Stewardship, trust, legacy, dynasty, foundation, endowment, usufruct, service

Inheritance, responsibility, discipline, restraint, inhibition; investing in potential 

Mound building, cultural accumulation; consolidating gains, making them work

Banking, investment, conservation (as distinct from conservatism), guardianship

One’s place in history, shoulders of giants, ancestry & posterity, making destiny 


26G, From the Glossary
Da4  (to be) accomplished, best, better, big, complete, critical, crucial, developed, 
enormous, entire, extreme, far, full, fully grown, good, grand, great(er, est), hea-
vy, high, large(r), (very, greatly) important, long, loud, major, mature, mighty, 
more, most, noble, noteworthy, old, overall, (more, most) perfect, pure, realized, 
ripe, seasoned, serious, significant, strong, successful, vast, whole, wholesome, 
vital; a lot of, full of, lots of; master-, (a, the) completeness, (full) development, 
entirety, grand(eur, ness), greatness, growth, (great) importance, largesse, major-
ity, maturity, vastness, wholeness; a great deal, (very) much, very; already, com-
pletely, entirely, fully, greatly, thoroughly, wholly, en masse, well-; of (great, 
crucial, vital) importance
Chu4 (to) take care of, care for, provide for, tend (to), attend (to), keep, raise, rear,
feed, nurture, sustain, nourish, bring up, support, shelter, cherish, train, manage, 
cultivate, retain, restrain, tame, (bring under) control, herd, domesticate, raise 
beasts animals, brutes; accumulate, store up, gather, hoard, reserve (s, ed, ing); 
(a, the) nurture, cultivation, culture, domestication, husbandry, management, 
training; domestic animal; raising ... beasts

Notes:
This Gua depicts assuming the reins of our beasts of burden and taking control in the building of wealth, dynasty, culture and civilization. This is the Gua of the builders, living for things that are sure to outlive them. There is a grand presumption here, the perfect counterpoint to 25, that we have a right to play at being gods if we can only command the wealth and property required to do so. Thankfully the gifted can still command cultural wealth and intellectual property, given sufficient access to "knowledge of prior ideas and past deeds." Clearly there is a conservative element at work here: great accumulation must precede great expense, and in managing this accumulation we re-encounter the same need for trust that we find in 25.

27    Yí

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Nourishment
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Sustenance √
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #15
Balkin Nourishment Meyer An Open Mouth
Barrett
Nourishment
Needham Nutrition
Blofeld
Nourishment, Jaws Ni Providing Nourishment
Bonnershaw
Jaws
Palmer Taking Nourishment
Chan Chiu-ming
Mouth, Providing Nourishment
Pattee Nourishment
Chang
Need and Supply
Peden Nourishment
Chu
Jaws, Nourishment Perrottet Mouth
Chung Wu
Nourishing
Powell Nourishment
Clark
Nourishment
Ra Uru Hu Caring
Cleary Nourishment, Lower Jaw Reifler Nourishment
Coates
Nourishing Oneself and Others
Richmond Choice from the Flow ?
Collins
Nurturing
Richter Cheeks
Crouch
Jaws
Riseman Nourishment
Damian-Knight
Nourishment, Health Ritsema & Karcher Jaws, Swallowing
Dening
Nourishing
Rutt Molars
Dhiegh
Corners of the Mouth, Prov. Nourishment Seabrook Stimulation
Douglas
Nourishment Secter Sustenance, Nourishment, Nurture
Feng
Looking Up ?
Shaughnessy Jaws
Fu Youde Nourishment Shchutskii Nourishment
Graeme
Nourishment Siu Sagacious Counsel
Hacker
Bulging Cheeks
Sneddon Nourishment
Hatcher
Hungry Mouth
Sorrell Feedback, Fulfillment, Nourishment
Heyboer
Jaws
Stackhouse Food Eating Food, What Nourishes What
Hoefler
Nourishment Stein Providing Nourishment (Caring)
Huang, Alfred
Nourishing
Sterling Nutrition
Huang, Kerson
The Cheeks
Sung Cheek, Nourishment
Javary
Nourishing Daily
Toropov The Corners of the Mouth
Jou
Jaws
Walker, Barbara Nourishment, Mouths, Jaws
Judge
Support
Wallace Nourishing
Karcher
Jaws, Swallowing
Wei, Henry Nourishment
Kim-Anh Lim
Nourishment West Nourishment
Koh Kok Kiang
Nourishment Whincup Bulging Cheeks
Kumoyama, Taisen
Providing Care and Attention, Nourishment
Wilhelm Corners of the Mouth, Prov. Nourishment
Kunst Jaw
Wing Nourishing
Legge
Jaws Hang Down, Nourishing
Wu Jing-Nuan Jaws, Nourishment
Leichtman
Investing, Nurturing Love
Wu, Yi Nourishment
Liu, Da
Nourishment Wu Wei Providing Sustenance
Lynn
Nourishment
Wu Weifarer Nourishing
Machovec
Self-Sufficiency √
Young Nourishment
Market
Seeking Nourishment
Yu, Titus The Jaw
Marshall, Chris
Provision


McCarver
Nourishment 十翼 Shi Yi 養 Yang3, Fostering, Nourishing, Nurturing

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
27.M, Key Words
Appetites, hungers, drives; sustenance, nutrition, nurture, provision, nourishment

Meeting needs, furnishing necessities, self-reliance, self-assertion, competence 

Choices of menu, diet, good taste, selecting the input for output, fostering health 

Finding the genuine & productive appetites, starving the false; potential energy

Appetite and its gratification, nutrition as a science, fostering growth and the true

Nutrient and energy cycles, raw material and fuel; hungering properly; G.I.G.O.


27.G, From the Glossary
Yi2 (a, the) appetite, hunger (s); nourishment, nutrition, sustenance, jaws, open 
jaws, mouth, hungry mouth, chin, cheek; self-care; (to) take care of oneself, keep 
fit, consume, eat, take in, ingest, feed on, nourish, rear, feed, furnish necessities, 
care for; hunger (s, ed, ing); (to be) appetitive, hungry, oral; with appetite, with 
hunger

Notes:
Appetitive Behavior, the following of our Hungers, is one of our life's great givens. Abraham Maslow's "Hierarchy of Needs" may undergo a great deal of fine tuning over the coming centuries but its fundamental premise will remain: when we meet our lower or most basic needs, we are then freer to move on to meeting our higher needs. And in this freedom and moving on we often have an opportunity to choose what we want to need next. Of course the advertising industry has jumped into this with both feet, but those of us with De or character can find our workarounds and retain some control of our hungers. It doesn't really matter that this is a small minority: we all know that the prey far outnumber the predators.

28  大過  Dà Guò

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Excess
MWD - Hatcher Tai4 Guo4, Same Meaning as Received Text
Albertson
Dominance by the Mighty
MWD - Shaughnessy 泰過 #48, Great Surpassing
Balkin Greatness in Excess Meyer Last Straw
Barrett
Great Exceeding
Needham Greater Topheaviness
Blofeld
Excess
Ni Great Excess
Bonnershaw
Excess
Palmer Great Experience
Chan Chiu-ming
Excess
Pattee Critical Point
Chang
Abnormality
Peden Effort
Chu
Inner Preponderance
Perrottet Predominance
Chung Wu
Excess of the Great
Powell Excess
Clark
Crisis
Ra Uru Hu Game Player
Cleary The Passing of Greatness, Excess of Greatness
Reifler Greatness in Excess
Coates
Great Potential
Richmond Rigidity
Collins
Great Excess
Richter Great Excess
Crouch
Great Passage
Riseman Excessive Greatness
Damian-Knight
Preponderance of the Great Ritsema & Karcher Great Exceeding
Dening
Overload
Rutt Passing, Major
Dhiegh
Preponderance of the Great, Experience Seabrook Stress √
Douglas
Excess
Secter Excessive, Overextended, Overburdened √
Feng
Great Excess, High Over-Head
Shaughnessy Great Surpassing
Fu Youde Great Fault
Shchutskii Overdevelopment of the Great
Graeme
Great Exceeding, Taking Action, Crisis Point
Siu Great Gains ?
Hacker
Big in Excess
Sneddon Excess
Hatcher
Greatness in Excess
Sorrell Pressure, Tension, Transcendence
Heyboer
Across the Great Pass
Stackhouse Great Injury, Great Problems
Hoefler
Excess
Stein Interesting Times
Huang, Alfred
Great Exceeding
Sterling Preponderance of the Great
Huang, Kerson
Great Excess
Sung Great Passing
Javary
Greatly Exceeding
Toropov Exceeding in What Is Great
Jou
Great Passing
Walker, Barbara Excess, Strain
Judge
Importance
Wallace Greatly Exceeding
Karcher
Great Exceeding Wei, Henry Excessive Greatness
Kim-Anh Lim
The Great in Excess
West Excess
Koh Kok Kiang
Preeminence
Whincup Big Gets By
Kumoyama, Taisen
Overabundant Surplus
Wilhelm Preponderance of the Great
Kunst Big Passing
Wing Critical Mass
Legge
Extraordinary, Exceeding
Wu Jing-Nuan Greatly Beyond the Ordinary
Leichtman
Crisis, Point of Tension
Wu, Yi Great Passing
Liu, Da
Great Excess
Wu Wei Excess of Power
Lynn
Major Superiority
Wu Weifarer Great Exceeding
Machovec
Continuing Problems
Young Excess Yang
Market
Inner Strength
Yu, Titus Flying Way Above ?
Marshall, Chris
Great Weight


McCarver
Large Excess 十翼 Shi Yi 動 Dong4, Inpetus, Excitement, Movement

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
28.M, Key Words
Inundation, saturation, surcharge, extremity, crisis, emergency, stress, pressure 

Encroachment, transgression, overload, live load, hurried adapting, resilience

Surpassing, overwhelming, extraordinary, too much; going beyond, transition

Peak experience, stretching limits, pushing envelopes; more than bargained for

Excess, unleashing, abnormality, heavy matters, under strain, humbling events

Going far beyond, greatly transcending, greeting something greater than yourself


28.G, From the Glossary
Da4  (to be) accomplished, best, better, big, complete, critical, crucial, developed, 
enormous, entire, extreme, far, full, fully grown, good, grand, great(er, est), high, 
heavy, large(r), (very, greatly) important, long, loud, major, mature, more, most, 
mighty, noble, noteworthy, old, overall, (more, most) perfect, pure, realized, ripe, 
seasoned, serious, significant, strong, successful, vast, whole, wholesome, vital; a 
lot of, full of, lots of; master-, (a, the) completeness, (full) development, entirety, 
grand(eur, ness), greatness, growth, (great) importance, majority, vastness, whole-
ness largesse, maturity; a great deal, (very) much, very; already, entirely, fully, 
completely, greatly, thoroughly, wholly, en masse, well-; of (great, crucial, vital) 
importance
Guo4 (to) go beyond, go past, exceed, surpass, transcend, miss, stray from, pass 
(by, over); bypass, get by, transgress, trespass, stray, err, inundate, predominate, 
exceed proper limits; (s, ed, ing); (to be) passing, transient, errant, past, in excess, 
extreme, exceptional, too much (of), excessive, beyond, above, overly, unusual, 
extraordinary; greater/larger than; (a, the) error, transgression, fault, excess (ive-
ness) (s); will err; to a fault, to extremity, to excess, to extremes

Notes:
When the Exraordinary happens we adapt, we become what we need to become. Rules that once demanded obedience might mean little or nothing now. It's OK to jaywalk to escape a collapsing building. Amusingly, the Zhouyi uses the attraction between men and women separated by their ages as an example or metaphor for such Force Majeure, ancient forces that are far beyond our limited comprehension. The Ridgepole might symbolize the highest expectation we have of our need for protection, but our insurance against being swept away completely is still measured in probabilities and all contingencies can never be covered. We can only expect, when that day comes, that we will have to leave what used to be.

29    Kǎn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
The Perilous Pit
MWD - Hatcher Gan4, from Gan River Gorge (Jiangxi Prov)
Albertson
The Pit
MWD - Shaughnessy 贛 #17, Repeated Entrapment
Balkin The Abyss Meyer Anticipate Pitfalls
Barrett
Repeating Chasms
Needham Flowing Motion, Pit
Blofeld
The Abyss
Ni The Abyss
Bonnershaw
Chasm
Palmer The Watery Depths
Chan Chiu-ming
Abyss
Pattee The Abysmal
Chang
Water
Peden The Abyss
Chu
The Abyss
Perrottet Abyss
Chung Wu
Entrapment
Powell The Abyss
Clark
Training
Ra Uru Hu Saying Yes
Cleary Multiple Danger, Constant Pitfalls
Reifler The Deep
Coates
A Dangerous Situation
Richmond The Unfamiliar
Collins
The Abysmal Richter Watery Pits
Crouch
Pit
Riseman The Deep
Damian-Knight
The Deep Waters
Ritsema & Karcher Repeating Gorge, Venturing
Dening
Danger (The Abyss)
Rutt Pit
Dhiegh
Unfathomable Mystery
Seabrook Problems
Douglas
The perilous Chasm
Secter Foreboding, Crisis, Peril
Feng
Double Trap, Deep Breaths
Shaughnessy Repeated Entrapment
Fu Youde Water Danger
Shchutskii Abyss
Graeme
The Abyss, Formless, Darkness, Danger
Siu Danger
Hacker
Water Sneddon Perilous Pit
Hatcher
Exposure
Sorrell Abyss, Crisis, Pitfall
Heyboer
The Teachings of Danger
Stackhouse Learning to Master One's Own Emotions
Hoefler
Danger
Stein The Depths
Huang, Alfred
Darkness (36)
Sterling Abysmal Water
Huang, Kerson
Water Sung Sinking
Javary
Overcoming Vertigo
Toropov Recurring Hazards
Jou
Water
Walker, Barbara Abyss, Water, Danger
Judge
Persistence
Wallace Water, Pitfalls
Karcher
Repeating the Gorge, Venturing
Wei, Henry Peril
Kim-Anh Lim
Danger, Water
West The Deep
Koh Kok Kiang
Watery Depths
Whincup Pits
Kumoyama, Taisen
Chasm, Profound Depth or Void, Danger
Wilhelm The Abysmal (Water)
Kunst Pitfall
Wing Danger
Legge
Dangerous Defile
Wu Jing-Nuan Water, The Pit
Leichtman
Challenge, Threat
Wu, Yi (Repeated) Sinking
Liu, Da
Water Wu Wei Water, Danger, The Abyss
Lynn
The Constant Sinkhole
Wu Weifarer The Depths
Machovec
Shorcomings Increase Problems
Young Danger
Market
The Dangerous Ravine
Yu, Titus Testing Wings over the Chasm
Marshall, Chris
The Abyss


McCarver
Abysmal
十翼 Shi Yi 險 Xian3, Risk, Exposure, Hazard

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
29.M, Key Words
Repeated, multiple, familiar with + crisis, risk, hazard, peril, exigency, trial, danger

Pit, chasm, canyon, gorge, strait, test; living on the edge, the way out is through

Immerse, plunge in, undergo, commit, fall to, get involved; fear, vertigo, anxiety

Concentration, alertness, challenge, unarguable constraints, the will to live, heart

Flow, water’s approach to givens, necessity to perform; fluidity, grace, courage

Enlightening confrontations, the hard fact as teacher; Castaneda’s having to believe 


29.G, From the Glossary
Kan3 (a, the) pit, pitfall, hole, cavity, snare, trap, canyon, chasm, defile, gorge, 
depth, precipice, grave, risk, exposure, danger, dangerous position, dangerous 
place, crisis, exigency, critical situation; gravity; water necessity (s); (to) trap, 
entrap, bury in a pit; (a, the) pit’s, canyon’s, chasm’s, risk’s; (a pun)

Notes:
Rather than simply overreacting to the words Peril, Danger or Abyss, try asking instead: what is it that is deliberately and enthusiastically sought by people who climb about in these deep canyons and boat right through the white water rapids. There is a full-hearted commitment to the process of surviving, to the passing of this trial. There is a great simplicity in having most of our options removed by serious constraints to the path or the route ahead. The senses sharpen, the heart pounds, the whole being responds to the challenge by waking up, being more fully alive. It's a Risk, but it's life learning more about life and what it is capable of.

30    Lí

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
The Clinging MWD - Hatcher Luo2, Bird Netting, Sieve; To Bestow, Spread
Albertson
Sunlight (35)
MWD - Shaughnessy 羅 #49, The Net
Balkin Radiance Meyer Sudden Flare-Up
Barrett
Clarity
Needham Deflagration, Adherence, Adhesion
Blofeld
Flaming Beauty
Ni Radiance
Bonnershaw
Brilliance
Palmer To Shine Brightly, To Part
Chan Chiu-ming
Fire, Fiery Temper
Pattee Flaming Beauty
Chang
Fire
Peden Dependence
Chu
Clinging Light, Fire
Perrottet Attachment
Chung Wu
Allegiance
Powell Flaming Beauty
Clark
Illuminating
Ra Uru Hu Recognition of Feelings
Cleary Fire Reifler Fire
Coates
Dependence on the Powers of the Universe
Richmond Clinging to the Real
Collins
The Clear
Richter Fire
Crouch
Firebird
Riseman Fire
Damian-Knight
The Clinging, Fire, The Heart of the Matter
Ritsema & Karcher Radiance, Clarifying
Dening
Shedding Light on Things
Rutt Oriole
Dhiegh
The Clinging Seabrook Clarity
Douglas
Brilliant Beauty
Secter Attachment, Dependence, Brilliance
Feng
Shining, Flaming Bright
Shaughnessy To Fasten
Fu Youde Fire
Shchutskii Radiance
Graeme
Brightness, Clarity, Clinging Fire, Radiance
Siu The Cosmic Mean
Hacker
Fire Sneddon Brightness
Hatcher
Arising
Sorrell Nurture, Reliance, Shining
Heyboer
To Catch the Bird of Brightness
Stackhouse Birds and Beasts Distinctly √ Marked
Hoefler
Fire
Stein The Caressing Fire
Huang, Alfred
Brightness
Sterling Clinging Fire
Huang, Kerson
Fire Sung Brightness, Separateness
Javary
Overcoming Bedazzlement (Fire)
Toropov Fire
Jou
Fire
Walker, Barbara Beauty, Fire, Intelligence
Judge
Normative Constraint
Wallace Fire, Attachment
Karcher
Radiance, Clarifying
Wei, Henry Light, Adherence
Kim-Anh Lim
Clarity, Fire
West Brilliance
Koh Kok Kiang
Shining Brightly
Whincup Shining Light
Kumoyama, Taisen
Fire
Wilhelm The Clinging (Fire)
Kunst Lia-Bird
Wing Synergy
Legge
Double Brightness
Wu Jing-Nuan Fire, Brightness, Divided, Distantly
Leichtman
Collaboration, Addiction
Wu, Yi Brightness
Liu, Da
Fire Wu Wei Clarity, Adherence
Lynn
Cohesion
Wu Weifarer Radiance
Machovec
The golden Mean
Young Radiance
Market
Gentle Clarity
Yu, Titus The Sun Beast
Marshall, Chris
Fire


McCarver
Clinging
十翼 Shi Yi 麗 離 Li4 Li2, Conditioned Arising

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
30.M, Key Words
Radiate, diversify, individuate, glow, distinguish self; depart, go on; energy cycles 

Fire, flame, light, ignition, sunlight, beauty, radiance; transformational processes

Coherence, moment, presence, attention, sentience, intelligence, enlightenment 

Dependence on fuel, relying on place and conditions; photosynthesis, metabolism

Temporally conditioned consciousness, dependent arising; appearances, seeming

Inherent in & adhering to conditions; instance, existence, articulation; continuum


30.G, From the Glossary
Li2 (to) rise, arise, radiate, diverge, separate, contrast, depart, differ, digress, part, 
get distance, distinguish (from, out of); articulate, leave, spread out, stand out, 
move on, abandon, choose (one), decide, part, cut, divide, distribute, arrange, set 
out, pass on, pass through, hang down, hang from (s, ed, ing); (to be) distinct, 
different, diverse, diversified, divided, separated, off, away (from), distant, apart 
(from), without; pendant, dependent, dispersed, independent (of); (a, the) arising, 
rearising, departure, removal, distinction, divergence, division, separation, dis-
tance, difference (from); radiance, display, fire, flame, firelight, highlight; net; vis 
a vis each other; a bird, esp. an oriole (colorful contrast); figure ground relation-
ships; the root of the English word "existence" is to stand out or stand forth; 
"When Li birds sing, silk worms grow" (Shuowen)

Note:
Li4, from the Tuan Zhuan, also means beautiful or elegant, as well as clinging, dependent, or conditioned. Li4 Li2 then means Beautiful Arising as well as Dependent/Conditioned Arising. This version of the idea of conditioned arising arose before the arrival of Buddhism in China. The two Li's are almost opposite in meaning, as if reversed in their direction. One is the convergence of forces that led to this moment, the sunlight that got locked up in the plant that the cow ate and turned into beef and milk. This is what is depended upon and why we care for the cow. The other Li is that light lighting up again, in the mind of the one who dined on the cow or her milk, and then to continue to radiate outward, diverging in the various activities of the day. Li Li, thus and in a word, is the fourth dimension, past and future, as these light up in the present moment, in the intelligence and consciousness that is sunlight on the move again.

31    Xián

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Influence MWD - Hatcher Qin1, Intense, Attentive, Respectful, Hope For
Albertson
Persuasion
MWD - Shaughnessy 欽 #44, Feelings, To Respect
Balkin Mutual Influence Meyer Magnetic Attraction
Barrett
Influence
Needham Reaction, Interweaving
Blofeld
Attraction, Sensation
Ni Mutual Attraction
Bonnershaw
Feeling
Palmer All Embracing
Chan Chiu-ming
Move, Influence
Pattee Influence
Chang
Passion
Peden Influence
Chu
Stimulation, Compelling
Perrottet Courtship
Chung Wu
Affection
Powell Influence
Clark
Uniting (8)
Ra Uru Hu Leading
Cleary Sensing, Sensitivity
Reifler Tension
Coates
The Influence of the Strong Over the Weak
Richmond Coming Out of Himself
Collins
Influence Richter Unity
Crouch
Power
Riseman Stimulation
Damian-Knight
Influence, Natural Attraction Ritsema & Karcher Conjoining
Dening
Mutual Attraction
Rutt Chopping
Dhiegh
Influence, All, Entirely Seabrook Attraction
Douglas
Mutual Attraction
Secter Responsive Charisma, Stimulation
Feng
Affect
Shaughnessy In All Cases, To Feel 感
Fu Youde Sensation
Shchutskii Combination, Interaction
Graeme
Influence
Siu Influencing to Action
Hacker
Mutual Influence
Sneddon Influence
Hatcher
Reciprocity
Sorrell Influence, Incisive, Sensitivity
Heyboer
Affect and Affection
Stackhouse Heartfelt, Something that Hits Home
Hoefler
The Attraction
Stein Influence (Courtship)
Huang, Alfred
Mutual Influence
Sterling Influence
Huang, Kerson
Cutting
Sung Exerting Influence
Javary
Inciting
Toropov Courtship
Jou
Influence
Walker, Barbara Attraction, Pleasure
Judge
Influence
Wallace Sympathy
Karcher
Conjoining
Wei, Henry Mutual Influence
Kim-Anh Lim
Influence of Attraction
West Mutual Influence
Koh Kok Kiang
Wooing
Whincup Movement
Kumoyama, Taisen
Sense and Sensitivity, Attraction, Influence
Wilhelm Influence (Wooing)
Kunst Cut Off, Salty, Chop Off
Wing Attraction
Legge
Moving, Influencing to Movement
Wu Jing-Nuan To Influence, To Move
Leichtman
Shared Benefits, Magnetism
Wu, Yi Response
Liu, Da
Attraction, Stimulation
Wu Wei Attraction, Influence
Lynn
Reciprocity
Wu Weifarer Influence
Machovec
Influencing Others
Young Influence
Market
Mutual Influence
Yu, Titus Stimulation, Mutual Influence
Marshall, Chris
Relating


McCarver
Influence 十翼 Shi Yi 感 Gan3, Feeling, Stimulation, Attraction

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
31.M, Key Words
Mutuality, symbiosis, interactions, convergence, coalition, congress, in concert 

Sharing, embrace, affinity; persuasion, influence, incentives, interest, affection

Complements, healthy combinations, right for each other, compelling fulfillment

Congress for mutual purposes, teamwork; coming together, resonating with others

Eros, attraction, sensuality, stimulation, prompting, arousal, stirrings, response
Common interests, meeting each other’s needs, valence bonding, synergy, dyad


31.G, From the Glossary
Xian2 (to be) joined, conjoined, united (in, with), in touch with; moved, touched, 
persuaded (in, by); together, altogether, all, every, mutual, shared, concordant, 
convergent, integrated, complete, full, finished; everywhere; (to) feel, sense; join, 
conjoin, unite, put together, reciprocate, touch, come into contact, move, embrace, 
share, come together, convene, converge, complete (s, ed, ing) (in, with, toget-
her); (a, the) feeling, sensation (s); persuasion, reciprocity, mutuality; entirely, 
fully, completely, wholly; (also used for gan, 3232, to stimulate, influence, at-
tract)

Notes:
The core meaning of Xian combines two Western ideas for which the West has just the right words: Eros and Symbiosis. Unfortunately they don't combine into a single, recognizable idea and the words just don't sound very authentic as a Gua Ming. This Gua uses eros and libido as a general metaphor for the will to interact with the world and live a fertile existence. Clearly the fertility part works best when mutuality is involved and the attraction is reciprocal, and this is the hard part. Attracting another to a the degree that we ourselves are drawn requires attractive behavior, courtship behavior, even good or our best behavior. Getting out of one's self and into something more fertile is the subject matter of the lines.

32    Héng

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Perseverance MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Continuity MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #32
Balkin Enduring Meyer Eventuality
Barrett
Lasting
Needham Duration, Constant
Blofeld
The Long-Enduring
Ni Constancy
Bonnershaw
Constancy
Palmer Constant
Chan Chiu-ming
Constancy
Pattee Duration
Chang
Help
Peden Persistence
Chu
Constancy, Enduring
Perrottet Duration
Chung Wu
Constancy
Powell Endurance
Clark
Consistency
Ra Uru Hu Continuity
Cleary Constancy, Persistence
Reifler Continuity
Coates
Endurance in the Midst of Change
Richmond Continuing, Branching Out
Collins
Duration Richter Constancy
Crouch
Enduring
Riseman Continuity
Damian-Knight
Duration, Power to Subsist in Time Ritsema & Karcher Persevering
Dening
Perseverance
Rutt Fixing
Dhiegh
Duration, Constant, Persevering Seabrook Permanence
Douglas
Long Duration
Secter Enduring Constancy, Perseverance
Feng
Endurance, Old Faithful
Shaughnessy Constancy
Fu Youde Constancy
Shchutskii Constancy
Graeme
Persevering, Persistence in Time, Steady C.
Siu Enduring
Hacker
Constancy
Sneddon Perseverance
Hatcher
Continuity
Sorrell Purposeful, Constant, Persistent
Heyboer
Steady the Helm of the Heart
Stackhouse Constancy of Will and Purpose
Hoefler
The Duration
Stein Duration (Lovers) ?
Huang, Alfred
Long Lasting
Sterling Duration
Huang, Kerson
Steadfastness
Sung Constancy
Javary
Lasting
Toropov Persisting
Jou
Constancy
Walker, Barbara Endurance, Continuance
Judge
Endurance
Wallace Constancy
Karcher
Persevering Wei, Henry Lasting, Steadiness
Kim-Anh Lim
Constancy
West Duration
Koh Kok Kiang
Constancy Whincup Constancy
Kumoyama, Taisen
Steadfast and Faithful, Constancy
Wilhelm Duration
Kunst Long Time, Constant, Perpetuation
Wing Continuing
Legge
Perseverance, Continuously Maintaining Wu Jing-Nuan Constancy
Leichtman
Enduring Values, Immortality
Wu, Yi Duration
Liu, Da
Duration Wu Wei Duration
Lynn
Perseverance Wu Weifarer Duration
Machovec
Maturity
Young Duration
Market
Perseverance Yu, Titus Inner Light
Marshall, Chris
Duration

McCarver
Duration 十翼 Shi Yi 久 Jiu3, Duration, Enduring, Lasting

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
32.M, Key Words
Continuing, surviving, lasting, endurance, steadiness; adaptability, sustainability 

Duration, protraction, longevity, persistence, coherence across time, consistency 

Regularity, constancy, stability, maturity, integrity, proficiency, learned versatility 

Self-renewal, self-regeneration, self-succession; the long run; alignment, meetness

Keeping to path or vow, holding true throughout outer changes, dynamic balance

Perseverance, not always predictability or a sameness; resourcefulness, resilience


32.G, From the Glossary
Heng2 (a, the) duration, continuity, continuance, endurance, steadiness, constan-
cy, consistency, longevity, sustainability; (what, that which) endures, survives; (to 
be) regular, enduring, lasting, chronic, continuing, persistent, persisting, continu-
ous, perennial, perpetual, prolonged, constant, throughout; (to) last in, go on, en-
dure (changes), continue, persevere, stay, perpetuate, prolong (s, -ed, -ing); always; constantly, lastingly, persistently, continuously, regularly, perseveringly

Notes:
One might expect a book called the Changes to have an interesting take on things which persist through time. Western ideas have been influenced for millenia by Greek notions that cannot permit perfection to coexist with change. The Western gods themselves are denied the ability to change or grow, and ultimately, even to move, because that would imply a prior, imperfect state, unthinkable in a divinity. In the Zhouyi a thing can only survive by adapting as its existence progresses. To endure, unchanged, in a fixed state, is not Duration but delusion. Continuity endures, history itself endures, original bearings and principles can persist, genes can get passed down generally intact, but anything that is real is going to have to rub up against other realities and get altered in the process. A thing merely continues until it is unrecognizably altered.

33    Dùn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Retreat (N) MWD - Hatcher Yuan3, u.f. 遠, Remote, (Regard as) Distant
Albertson
Retiring
MWD - Shaughnessy 掾 #3, Yuan3, Wielding
Balkin Retreat Meyer Under Cover
Barrett
Retreat
Needham Regression
Blofeld
Yielding, Withdrawal
Ni Retreat
Bonnershaw
Withdrawal Palmer To Hide
Chan Chiu-ming
Retreat
Pattee Retreat
Chang
Discretion and Pressure
Peden Retreat
Chu
Retiring, Withdrawal Perrottet Retreat
Chung Wu
Retreat
Powell Withdrawal
Clark
Withdrawal
Ra Uru Hu Privacy
Cleary Withdrawal Reifler Retreat
Coates
Strategic Withdrawal √
Richmond Withdrawal
Collins
Retreat Richter Retreat
Crouch
Abduction (Piglet)
Riseman Retreat
Damian-Knight
Retreat, Strategic Withdrawal Ritsema & Karcher Retiring
Dening
Retreating
Rutt Pig, Piglet
Dhiegh
Retreat, Withdrawal, Impose Upon, To Hide Seabrook Retreat
Douglas
Withdrawal Secter Withdrawal, Retreat, Relinquishing
Feng
Withdrawal, Flight
Shaughnessy To Retreat, Piglet
Fu Youde Little Pig
Shchutskii Retreat
Graeme
Retreat, Withdrawal
Siu Withdrawal
Hacker
The Piglet
Sneddon Retreat
Hatcher
Distancing
Sorrell Retreat, Withdrawal, Sanctuary
Heyboer
Save your Bacon
Stackhouse Temp. Escape, Keeping Trouble at a Distance
Hoefler
The Withdrawal Stein Withdrawal
Huang, Alfred
Retreat
Sterling Retreat
Huang, Kerson
The Little Pig
Sung Retirement
Javary
Retreating
Toropov Retreating
Jou
Yielding
Walker, Barbara Retreat, Withdrawal, Yielding
Judge
Withdrawal
Wallace Withdrawal
Karcher
Retiring
Wei, Henry Retreat
Kim-Anh Lim
Retreat
West Withdrawal
Koh Kok Kiang
Withdrawal Whincup The Piglet
Kumoyama, Taisen
Withdrawal or Discontinuation, Retreat
Wilhelm Retreat
Kunst Young Pig (Withdraw)
Wing Retreat
Legge
Retiring, Seclusion
Wu Jing-Nuan Retreat
Leichtman
Stepping Bac kWithdrawal Wu, Yi Retreat
Liu, Da
Retreat, Withdrawal Wu Wei Withdrawal
Lynn
Withdrawal
Wu Weifarer Retreat
Machovec
Strategic Withdrawal Young Retreat
Market
Retreat Yu, Titus The Pig
Marshall, Chris
Retreat

McCarver
Retreat 十翼 Shi Yi 退 Tui4, Withdrawal; 遠 Yuan3, Distance

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
33.M, Key Words
To retreat, step back, detach; strategic pullback, withdrawal, neutrality, abstention

Issues of freedoms from and to; retire a debt; retirement, sabbatical, sabbath, rest

Seclusion, refuge, sanctuary, asylum, reserve, haven, safe distance, out of reach

Retraction, resignation, quitting claim; inaccessibility, discretion, disengagement

Escaping, transcending, reframing; taking a larger point of view, a bigger picture

Neutralizing, letting go, standing down, stepping back, getting away, evasiveness


33.G, From the Glossary
Dun4 (to) retreat, withdraw, retire, escape, evade, avoid, flee, hide away, withdraw 
from, get distance from, step back (from), run away, abscond, skulk, hide; drag 
the feet in walking (s, ed, ing); (a, the) retirement, retreat, reservation, sanctuary; 
distance, distancing, withdrawal; [reframing]; (to be) hidden, concealed, evasive, 
withdrawn, invisible, secluded

Notes:
Tactical or Strategic Withdrawal sums up 33's core meaning better than Retreat, even though Retreat is the best translation of Dun in most of the lines. For any problem we encounter there is an optimum Distance from which it may be successfully addressed. As Einstein said, "The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them." Dun is movement in search of that optimum distance. This might be jumping up one level of abstraction, or fleeing to higher ground, or just getting the hell out of an impossible dilemma. Now, as to the Pig or the Piglet as Gua Ming, this is an artifact of academia, where polysemy in the classical Chinese language is not officially recognized. The solution to the problem it poses simply requires getting some distance from the academic world, just as the little pig will try to get distance from you and your butcher's tools.

34  大壯  Dà Zhuàng

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
The Power of the Great MWD - Hatcher Tai4 Zhuang4, Same Meaning as Rec'd Text
Albertson
The Strength of the Mighty
MWD - Shaughnessy 泰壯 #26, Great Maturity
Balkin Great Power Meyer Full Realization
Barrett
Great Vigor
Needham Great Power
Blofeld
The Power of the Great Ni Great Strength
Bonnershaw
Great Power
Palmer Great Strength
Chan Chiu-ming
Great Strength
Pattee Great Power
Chang
Powerful People
Peden Power of the Great
Chu
The Power of the Great Perrottet Power of the Strong
Chung Wu
Great Strength
Powell Strength of Greatness
Clark
Powerful
Ra Uru Hu Might
Cleary The Power of the Great, Great Power Reifler Great Strength
Coates
A Position of Great Power
Richmond A Store of Power (26)
Collins
Injured by the Great
Richter Great Strength
Crouch
Great Injury
Riseman Great Power
Damian-Knight
The Power of the Great Ritsema & Karcher Great Invigorating
Dening
Great Power
Rutt Big Injury
Dhiegh
The Power of the Great, Great Authority Seabrook Power
Douglas
Vigorous Strength
Secter Powerful, Irresistable, Forging Ahead
Feng
Great Toughness
Shaughnessy Great Maturity
Fu Youde Great Power
Shchutskii Great Power
Graeme
Great Strength, Invigorating
Siu Great Vigor
Hacker
Big Uses Force
Sneddon Great Power
Hatcher
Big and Strong
Sorrell Big and Strong, Opportunity, Breaking Free
Heyboer
A Man of Stone
Stackhouse
Great Strength, More than Mere Force
Hoefler
The Great Might
Stein Justice (Power) (21)
Huang, Alfred
Great Strength
Sterling Power of the Great
Huang, Kerson
Great Injury
Sung Great Vigour
Javary
Wielding the Great Strength
Toropov The Power of the Great
Jou
Great Vigor
Walker, Barbara Power, Greatness
Judge
Power
Wallace Great Strength
Karcher
Great Invigorating
Wei, Henry Great Strength
Kim-Anh Lim
Great Strength
West Strength
Koh Kok Kiang
Power of the Great Whincup Big Uses Force
Kumoyama, Taisen
The Power of the Great Wilhelm The Power of the Great
Kunst Big Strong, Big Injure
Wing Great Power
Legge
Abundance of Strength and Vigor
Wu Jing-Nuan Great Strength
Leichtman
Expanding Influence, Peak Energy
Wu, Yi Great Strength
Liu, Da
Great Power
Wu Wei Great Power
Lynn
Great Strength
Wu Weifarer Great Strength
Machovec
Optimal Influence √
Young Great Power
Market
Gentle Strength
Yu, Titus Great Force
Marshall, Chris
Great Power


McCarver
Great Strength 十翼 Shi Yi 則止 Ze2 Zhi3, The Rule of Stillness

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
34.M, Key Words
Much, great, full, big, major, extensive + strength, vigor, energy, potency, force 

Assertion, aggression, self-reliance, tenacity, forging ahead; initiative, purpose

To be headstrong, demanding, pushy, obstinate, obsessed, driven; testing a limit 

Robust, dominant; feedforward, the need for feedback & sense; might needs right

Power wanting governing; meta-solutions to problems; problems of tunnel vision 

Insight as reorganizing perceptual field; power is really measured by effectiveness


34.G, From the Glossary
Da4  (to be) accomplished, best, better, big, complete, critical, crucial, developed, 
enormous, entire, extreme, far, full, fully grown, good, grand, great(er, est), high, 
heavy, large(r), (very, greatly) important, long, loud, major, mature, mighty, old, 
more, most, noble, noteworthy, overall, (more, most) perfect, pure, realized, ripe, 
seasoned, serious, significant, strong, successful, vast, whole, wholesome, vital; a 
lot of, full of, lots of; master-, (a, the) completeness, (full) development, entirety, 
grand (-eur, -ness), greatness, growth, (great) importance, largesse, wholeness, vast-
ness, maturity, majority; a great deal, (very) much, very; already, completely, en-
tirely, fully, greatly, thoroughly, wholly, en masse, well-; of (great, crucial, vital) 
importance
Zhuang4 (to be) strong, vigorous, forceful, powerful, potent, fertile, big, mighty, 
large, great, grand, magnificent, stout, able-bodied, healthy, hardy, hearty, virile, 
full-blown, fully grown, dynamic, robust, fierce, dominant, animated, lively, indomitable in spirit, [alpha] ; (a, the) strength, vigor, energy, force, power, might, 
potency, prime of life, dominance, fierceness; (to) strengthen, embolden, enliven, 
encourage, enspirit, invigorate, animate, make better; (grow, wax) strong (s, ed, ing)

Notes:
This Gua illustrates the difference between Power and Force. In scientific terms, Power is the rate at which energy changes form. It often has little to do with force. Where work is to be done, efficiency or efficacy is an important measure and wasted energy is merely entropy. Therefore, resistance to applied force is only a measure of power when heat is the desired result. The symbolism makes good use of a big, pushy, butt-head ram or billy goat, wielding what he hopes the ewes or does will mistake for power. But this is only power when noise and nuisance is the desired result. Real power is in the lack of resistance, in the opening or opportunity, the hole in the fence, in the hole for the axle, in the still place, in the pause, as the Za Gua suggests, where the opening is found.

35    Jìn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Progress (N) MWD - Hatcher Jin4, Cross Water, might be u.f. 晉
Albertson
Making Headway
MWD - Shaughnessy 溍 #51, Aquas, Aquatic
Balkin Progress Meyer Light Coming Back
Barrett
Advancing (N)
Needham Rapid Advance
Blofeld
Progress
Ni Progress
Bonnershaw
Advance
Palmer To Advance
Chan Chiu-ming
Advancement
Pattee Progress
Chang
Progress
Peden Progress
Chu
Progress, Advance Perrottet Progress
Chung Wu
Advancement
Powell Progress
Clark
Fluorishing
Ra Uru Hu Change
Cleary Advance
Reifler Advance
Coates
Rapid Progress
Richmond Primal Forces Create Change
Collins
Advancement
Richter Advancing
Crouch
Advancing
Riseman Progress
Damian-Knight
Progress Ritsema & Karcher Prospering
Dening
Progress
Rutt Advancing
Dhiegh
Progress, To Advance Seabrook Progress
Douglas
Progress
Secter Progress, Advancement, Improvement
Feng
Advancement, Rising Son
Shaughnessy To Advance
Fu Youde Advance
Shchutskii Rising (Above the Horizon)
Graeme
Insight, Proceeding Forward, Rising Sun
Siu Progress
Hacker
Advance Sneddon Progress
Hatcher
Expansion
Sorrell Success, Winning, Popularity
Heyboer
The Gift
Stackhouse
Birds Gather in Field at Sunrise
Hoefler
Progress Stein Progress
Huang, Alfred
Proceeding Forward
Sterling Progress
Huang, Kerson
Advance Sung Forwardness
Javary
Slowly Advancing in Daylight
Toropov Moving Forward
Jou
Advancing
Walker, Barbara Progress
Judge
Progress
Wallace Advancing
Karcher
Prospering
Wei, Henry Advancement
Kim-Anh Lim
Progress
West Progress
Koh Kok Kiang
Advancement
Whincup Advancement
Kumoyama, Taisen
Steady Improvement
Wilhelm Progress
Kunst Advance Wing Progress
Legge
Advancing
Wu Jing-Nuan To Advance, To Fluorish
Leichtman
Enlightenment, Favorable Change
Wu, Yi Going Upward
Liu, Da
Progress Wu Wei Great Progress
Lynn
Advance
Wu Weifarer Prospering
Machovec
Succeeding
Young Progress
Market
Advance Yu, Titus Rising (46)
Marshall, Chris
Progress

McCarver
Advance 十翼 Shi Yi 進 Jin4, Progress, Advance, Development

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
35.M, Key Words
To advance, progress, develop, improve, grow, circulate, open, warm, thaw, dawn

Acknowledge, demonstrate; energize; emergence, discovery, disclosure, exposure

Enterprise, venture, free markets; learning by way of freedom, liberty, permission 

Overt, sunny, healthy, vibrant, generous, outgoing; daylight, daytime, sunshine

Openness, assent, acknowledgment, opening up, glasnost; present, offer, promote

Character, virtu, self-development; growth too temporary, healthy to be parasitic


35.G, From the Glossary
Jin4 (to) advance, progress, grow, develop, extend, prosper, increase, improve, 
enter (upon), make progress, lead, introduce, present, insert (s, ed, ing); (to be) 
forward, advanced, far along; (a, the) growth, advancement, progression, pro-
motion, development

Notes:
In natural ecosystems, inputs of free energy tend to fuel the system's self-organizational capabilities. Sunlight almost always tends to make them more coherent as well as more robust and diverse. This principle also operates in laissez faire or free-market economics (an ecosystem quite distinct from corporate capitalism). The prosperity alone is sufficient to enable the system to run itself, as if by Adam Smith's Invisible Hand. The "Classical Liberal" approach to both wealth and liberty is in fact a good part of the subject matter of this Gua. Transparency and sunshine laws can also be inferred. Both Advance and Progress are problematic here as Gua Ming, specifically for their ease of confusion with Gua 46 and 53, while Prosperity and Fluorishing can be easily confused with 11 and 55. The word Expansion avoids this confusion.

36  明夷  Míng Yí

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Darkening of the Light MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Hiding One's Light
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #38
Balkin Darkening of the Light Meyer Light Going Out
Barrett
Brightness Hidden
Needham Darkening
Blofeld
Darkening of the Light, Injury (N) Ni The Time of Darkness
Bonnershaw
Eclipse
Palmer Brightness Dimmed
Chan Chiu-ming
Darkening of the Light Pattee Darkening Light
Chang
Injustice
Peden Darkness
Chu
Darkening of the Light Perrottet Eclipse
Chung Wu
Light Obliterated
Powell Sinking Light
Clark
Darkness
Ra Uru Hu Crisis
Cleary Concealment of Illumination
Reifler Darkening of the Light
Coates
A Time of Diminished Influence
Richmond Effort through Resistance
Collins
Wounded Light (N)
Richter The Bright Pheasant
Crouch
Brilliance Wounded (The Yi Covenant)
Riseman Darkening of the Light
Damian-Knight
Darkening of the Light Ritsema & Karcher Brightness Hiding
Dening
Keeping a Low Profile
Rutt Crying Pheasant
Dhiegh
Darkening of the Light, Waning, Barbarians Seabrook Negativity
Douglas
Hiding of the Light Secter Constraint, Suppression, Tyranny
Feng
Light Darkened
Shaughnessy Calling Pheasant
Fu Youde Darkness
Shchutskii Defeat of the Light
Graeme
Darkening of the Light, Brilliance Injured
Siu Intelligence Unappreciated
Hacker
The Bright (Calling ) Pheasant
Sneddon Intelligence Wounded
Hatcher
Brightness Obscured
Sorrell Damaged, Rejection, Invalidation
Heyboer
Brightness and Leveling
Stackhouse The Bright and the Dark, Hidden Virtues
Hoefler
Eclipse of Light
Stein Adversity
Huang, Alfred
Brilliance Injured
Sterling Darkening of the Light
Huang, Kerson
The Crying Pheasant
Sung Appearance of Clear Intelligence Wounded
Javary
Enshrouding Oneself
Toropov Diminishing of the Light
Jou
Darkening
Walker, Barbara Darkening, Injury, Repression
Judge
Decline
Wallace Brightness Injured
Karcher
Hiding Brightness, Brightness Hiding
Wei, Henry Darkened Light
Kim-Anh Lim
Darkening of the Light West Dimmed Light
Koh Kok Kiang
Brightness Dimmed
Whincup The Bright Pheasant
Kumoyama, Taisen
Concealing the Light
Wilhelm Darkening of the Light
Kunst Bright Ordinary, Pheasant Wound
Wing Censorship
Legge
Intelligence Wounded or Repressed
Wu Jing-Nuan Bright Bird, Brightness Obscured
Leichtman
Sabotage, Vulnerability
Wu, Yi Brightness Injured
Liu, Da
Darkening of the Ligh, The Darkened Light Wu Wei Persecution
Lynn
Suppression of the Light
Wu Weifarer Dimming
Machovec
Being Misunderstood
Young Defeat of the Light
Market
Hiding the Light
Yu, Titus Feigning Bird
Marshall, Chris
Fading Light


McCarver
Darkening of the Light 十翼 Shi Yi 用晦 Yong4 Hui4, Using the Darkness

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
36.M, Key Words
Light, clarity, wisdom, intelligence + hidden, prevented, concealed, suppressed 

Discreet, cloaked, dampened, camouflaged, disguised, censored; go underground 

Banking, long-term investment, placing assets in durable forms, burying treasure 

Turning down the flame, banking the coals; withdrawing one’s consent & support

Covert intelligence, stealth operations, cloak & dagger scenarios, shadow warriors

Self-suppression, repression, making ordinary, dumbing down shrewdly, veiling


36.G, From the Glossary
Ming2  (a, the) brightness, clarity, enlightenment, illumination, light, lucidity, luster; discernment, intelligence (of), perception, perceptiveness, resolution, vision, 
eyesight; agreement, covenant; (to be) aware, bright, brilliant, clear, clear-sighted, 
conscious, enlightened, evident, explicit, illustrious, informed, intelligent, intelligible, lucid, manifest, perceptive, pure, sagacious, shining, visionary; plain (as 
day and night); (to) assert, awaken, see, brighten, clarify, elucidate, enlighten, 
envision, explain, get clear, illuminate, shine, illustrate, make evident, perceive, 
show, understand, see (s, ed, ing)
Yi2 (to be) hidden, obscure(d), covered, covert, kept out of sight, suppressed, 
repressed, common, usual, invisible, level, even, just, equal, smooth, plain, simple, ordinary, vulgar, foreign, barbaric, distant, injured, hurt, wounded, dark; (to) 
hide, obscure, cover, make ordinary, suppress, disappear, fade into context, re-
press, injure, kill, wound, hurt, extinguish (s, ed, ing); (to feel) at rest, at ease, 
tranquil, safe, secure, sated, satisfied, full; (a, the) hiddenness, obscurity, cover, 
dark, cloak, shroud; need to know, camouflage; without color

Notes:
While the circumstances that surround this Gua might recommend or suggest that one's light be dimmed, hidden or shielded, this is not really an image of this light being defeated, wounded or damaged. The process of Darkening the Light is proactive: it is done deliberately, as a stratagem. Covert Intelligence, in fact, is a viable, literal translation of Ming Yi, and a couple of instances of its use are described in the lines. Disguise is used in the lines as well: a man feigning a limp, and a bird feigning a broken wing as a misdirection, and a prisoner feigning insanity (a reference to an historical Chinese Hamlet). Also useful here is the notion of banking the coals of a fire, reducing its rate of combustion, to allow the flame to last through the night.

37  家人  Jiā Rén

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
The Family (N) MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
The Family MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #63
Balkin The Family Meyer Under One Roof
Barrett
People in the Home
Needham Relation (Parts in Wholes)
Blofeld
The Family Ni Family
Bonnershaw
The Family
Palmer The Family
Chan Chiu-ming
The Family
Pattee Family
Chang
Family
Peden Family
Chu
The Family, Proper Relations Perrottet Family
Chung Wu
The Family
Powell The Family
Clark
Family
Ra Uru Hu Friendship (13)
Cleary People in the Home
Reifler The Family
Coates
The Relationships Within the Family
Richmond Nourishing Relationships
Collins
The Family Richter The Family
Crouch
Clan Folk
Riseman The Family
Damian-Knight
The Family Ritsema & Karcher Dwelling (Clan) People
Dening
The Family
Rutt Household
Dhiegh
The Family, Clan, Home, Lineage Seabrook Proper Relationships
Douglas
The Family Secter Kinship Obligations, Allegiance
Feng
Family Member
Shaughnessy Family Members
Fu Youde Family
Shchutskii Household
Graeme
Household, Going Home, Way of the Woman
Siu Family Life
Hacker
The Family Sneddon Family
Hatcher
Family Members
Sorrell Home, Family, Belonging
Heyboer
Family of Man
Stackhouse The Family Type, Home
Hoefler
The Family Stein The Matriarchy
Huang, Alfred
Household
Sterling Family
Huang, Kerson
The Family Sung The Family
Javary
Organizing for the Long Term
Toropov Members of the Family
Jou
Family
Walker, Barbara Family
Judge
Community (13)
Wallace People in the Home
Karcher
Dwelling (Clan) People
Wei, Henry The Family
Kim-Anh Lim
Family
West Family
Koh Kok Kiang
People in the Family
Whincup The Household
Kumoyama, Taisen
The Fundamental Social Group, Household
Wilhelm The Family (The Clan)
Kunst Family, Home
Wing Family
Legge
Family Members, Household
Wu Jing-Nuan The Family
Leichtman
Heritage, The Loving Parent
Wu, Yi The Family
Liu, Da
The Family Wu Wei The Family, The Organization
Lynn
The Family
Wu Weifarer The Family
Machovec
The Family Young The Family
Market
A Household
Yu, Titus Family Members
Marshall, Chris
The Family


McCarver
Family 十翼 Shi Yi 家謂 Jia1 Wei4, Familial Designations/Roles

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
37.M, Key Words
Home, household, clan, familiar, kindred + people, others, individuals, humanity

A microclimate, hearth, warmth, security, intimacy; roles in working relationships

Microcosm, moral boundaries and practice, division of labor, social organization 

Relations, convection, influences on the larger world; contributions, propagation

Commitments, ties, partnerships and contracts; meeting basic social requirements 

Domestic, dominion, domain, domine; householder in Hindu & Buddhist doctrine


37.G, From the Glossary
Jia1 (a, the) family, house, household, home, dwelling, domestic affair, relative, 
clan, class, profession (s); (ruling) families; familiar, kindred; school of thought, 
specialist; (to be) familial, familiar, at home, domestic, indoors; (to) live with, 
together; keep a household; (s, ed, ing); (a, the) family’s, household’s
Ren2  (a, the) person, people, man, woman, one(s), other(s), another, human being, 
individual (s); each (one), other persons/people; anybody, anyone, everybody, 
everyone, somebody, someone (else)(’s); some, those; humanity, humankind, 
mankind, society; character, citizen, fellow, folk; inhabitant, member, occupant, 
participant, persona, personality, population, personnel, staff, role; (in) adulthood; 
(of) maturity; (to be) human, adult, grown, mature; humanity’s; (a, the) person’s, 
people’s, occupant’s; fellow-; -body, -man, -person, -ist

Notes:
The Chinese name Jia Ren suggests that the subject of discussion is the Family's People or Members (Ren). This is what we are concerned with here, not simply the Family or Household (Jia) as a unit in the larger society. Family Members may sound a little more awkward, but it is both more literal and more to the point. The text goes on to discuss the various roles and processes within the family.

38    Kuí

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Disunion
MWD - Hatcher Guai1, Strangeness, Contradiction, Oddness
Albertson
Alienation
MWD - Shaughnessy 乖 #53, Perversion
Balkin Opposition (N) Meyer Noticing the Difference
Barrett
Opposing
Needham Opposition
Blofeld
The Estranged, Opposites
Ni Opposition, Disharmony
Bonnershaw
Contraries
Palmer Opposition
Chan Chiu-ming
Parting
Pattee Opposition
Chang
Difference
Peden Opposition
Chu
Opposition, Estrangement Perrottet Opposition
Chung Wu
Incongruity
Powell Opposites
Clark
Separation
Ra Uru Hu Fighter ?
Cleary Opposition, Disharmony Reifler Neutrality ?
Coates
Working with Opposition
Richmond Opposition in Time, Taking Turns
Collins
Opposition Richter Disunity
Crouch
Aims
Riseman Neutrality, Disunity
Damian-Knight
Opposition Ritsema & Karcher Polarizing
Dening
Opposition
Rutt Espy
Dhiegh
Distant From, Separated, Opposition Seabrook Opposition
Douglas
Opposites Secter Stalemate, Impasse (39), Dilemma
Feng
Diversion
Shaughnessy 2 Eyes Seeing Differently, See Incorrectly
Fu Youde Conflict
Shchutskii Discord
Graeme
Opposition, Misunderstamnding, Divergence
Siu Alienation
Hacker
Estrangement
Sneddon Disunion
Hatcher
Estrangement
Sorrell Solitary, The Stranger, Alienated
Heyboer
Looking Askance
Stackhouse Watchful Eyes, Strange Signs
Hoefler
The Opposite
Stein Opposition
Huang, Alfred
Diversity
Sterling Opposition
Huang, Kerson
Abandoned
Sung Strangeness, Disunion
Javary
Seeing Both Sides of a Coin
Toropov Opposition
Jou
Opposition
Walker, Barbara Estrangement, Opposition
Judge
Opposition
Wallace Disunity
Karcher
Diverging, Polarizing
Wei, Henry Separation (12)
Kim-Anh Lim
Opposition
West Opposition
Koh Kok Kiang
Contradiction (6)
Whincup Estrangement
Kumoyama, Taisen
Estrangement, Alienation, Opposition
Wilhelm Opposition
Kunst Set Sights, To Sight
Wing Contradiction
Legge
Division, Mutual Alienation, Disunion Wu Jing-Nuan Strange
Leichtman
Ambiguity, Discord
Wu, Yi Opposition
Liu, Da
Opposition Wu Wei Alienation
Lynn
Contrariety
Wu Weifarer Opposition
Machovec
Alienation (12)
Young Opposition
Market
Misunderstanding
Yu, Titus Not Eye to Eye √
Marshall, Chris
Opposition

McCarver
Division 十翼 Shi Yi 不同行 Bu4 Tong2 Xing2, Not Acting as One

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
38.M, Key Words
Divergence, dissociation, disparity, dissonance, dissention, discord, contradiction

Polarization, parting of ways, ambivalence, tension, stress; odd, crafty, perverse

Uniqueness, diversity, contrast, standing out, sticking out, separation, strangeness

To stare, squint as if disbelieving, be astonished; individual nature, distinctiveness

Separateness, aloneness, alienation, incongruity; to stand alone, agree to disagree

Detachment, isolation, aloneness; emphasis, articulation, stress as in highlighting


38.G, From the Glossary
Kui2 (to be) estranged, separated, distant, weird, dissociated, divergent, foreign 
alien, separate(d), removed, polarized, contrary, unusual, strange, opposed, in 
opposition, diametrically opposed; (a, the) disparity, estrangement, separation, 
polarity; eyes not aligned, moving separately

Note:
On opposite ends of the spectrum, in oppposite parts of the sky: these are really the only senses in which the word Opposition applies here. Opposites, therefore, would be a more useful Gua Ming than Opposition. The character Kui seems to depict eyes that are somehow discomforting to see, either wild, or strange, or rolling, or glaring, or staring off in different directions. In any event there are two things here that are unalike, as are the constituent Ba Gua of Fire and Water. The image of eyes that are doing different things might suggest the phenomenon called Retinal Disparity: the two eyes that share one head have different points of view. They send different pictures to the brain. We don't mind, though, because the brain uses the differences to constuct its perception of depth. As an analogy, this extends readily into both cultural and biological diversity, where depth is also a function of divergence. It can even be used to support freedom of speech and the value of a free marketplace of ideas. We merely have to get beyond the discomfort of other people disagreeing with us.

39    Jiǎn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Arresting Movement
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Barrier
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #20
Balkin Obstruction Meyer Limping Along
Barrett
Limping
Needham Retardation
Blofeld
Trouble
Ni Obstruction
Bonnershaw
Obstacle
Palmer Obstruction
Chan Chiu-ming
Obstacles
Pattee Obstruction
Chang
Stoppage
Peden Obstruction
Chu
Impediments
Perrottet Obstacle
Chung Wu
Difficulty
Powell Obstacles
Clark
Obstacles
Ra Uru Hu Provocateur ?
Cleary Trouble, Halting
Reifler Difficulty
Coates
Obstructions to Progress
Richmond Upheaval ?
Collins
Obstruction Richter Impediments
Crouch
Hobbled
Riseman Obstruction
Damian-Knight
Obstruction Ritsema & Karcher Limping, Difficulties
Dening
Facing Obstruction
Rutt Stumbling
Dhiegh
Halt, Proud, Go Lame, Obstruction Seabrook Obstruction
Douglas
Obstructions Secter Blockage, Obstruction, Impediment
Feng
Stonewall
Shaughnessy Afoot
Fu Youde Trouble
Shchutskii Obstacle
Graeme
Hardship, Impasse, Difficulty
Siu Obstruction
Hacker
Obstruction Sneddon Arresting Movement
Hatcher
Impasse
Sorrell Impasse, Barriers, Obstacles
Heyboer
Cold Feet
Stackhouse Recovery, Someone Rests the Feet
Hoefler
The Blockade
Stein Obstruction
Huang, Alfred
Hardship
Sterling Obstruction
Huang, Kerson
Admonishment
Sung Difficulty
Javary
Overcoming What Causes Obstruction
Toropov Barriers
Jou
Limping
Walker, Barbara Trouble, Obstacles, Difficulty
Judge
Obstruction
Wallace Encumbrance
Karcher
Limping, Difficulties
Wei, Henry Difficulty
Kim-Anh Lim
Obstacle
West Obstruction
Koh Kok Kiang
Obstruction Whincup Stumbling
Kumoyama, Taisen
Halting, Hesitating, Obstacles or Obstructions
Wilhelm Obstruction
Kunst Hobble, Stumble
Wing Obstacles
Legge
Difficulties, Incompetency
Wu Jing-Nuan Difficulty
Leichtman
Hurdles, Barriers, Inhibitions
Wu, Yi Obstruction
Liu, Da
Obstruction Wu Wei Dangerous Adversity
Lynn
Adversity
Wu Weifarer Difficulty
Machovec
Overcoming Obstacles
Young Obstacles
Market
Dealing with Difficulties
Yu, Titus Stumbling Blocks
Marshall, Chris
Obstruction

McCarver
Obstruction 十翼 Shi Yi 難 Nan2, Difficulty, Hardship, Problem

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
39.M, Key Words
Impediment, delay, detour, complication, inconvenience, drawback, immobility

Hindrance, holdup, barrier, obstruction, obstacle, interruption, discouragement

Discontent, stationary period; convoluted route, reorientation; options narrowing

A closed mountain pass, waiting out the storm; lowering expectations and goals 

Redefine goals for achievability; detoured but not deterred; ability to compensate

Knowing when to stop, consolidate progress to date, rethink directions and plans


39.G, From the Glossary
Jian3 (a, an, the) impasse, obstacle, impediment, drawback, setback, obstruction, 
difficulty, misfortune, fault, holdup, detour, limp, complication, handicap; (to) go 
lame, limp, walk lame, stumble (s, ed ing); (to be) halting, hobbled, proud, arro-
gant, impassable, obstructed, complicated, set back, held up, detained, deterred, 
interrupted; defective

Notes:
The word Impediments works best in integrating the various "foot problem" meanings of Jian. Interestingly, the word "scruple" was a pebble in the shoe, preventing one from going forward. My word Impasse means unable able to cross the pass, and this is from the Bagua configuration of Water over the Mountain. A key observation here is that the Impasse is not permanent. The big problem here is one's own sense of urgency. If this can be set aside, then sideways, at least for a time, is a perfectly viable direction. One might even find the festive comanionship of others, even that of a sage, off in that new sideways direction. It is suggested that the capacity for such acceptance might be a function of one's maturity.

40    Jiě

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Removing Obstacles MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Liberation
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #30
Balkin Deliverance Meyer Letting Loose
Barrett
Release
Needham Disaggregation, Liberation
Blofeld
Release
Ni Dissolution of the Problem
Bonnershaw
Letting Go
Palmer Let Loose
Chan Chiu-ming
Removing Obstacles
Pattee Deliverance
Chang
Relief
Peden Opportunity
Chu
Deliverance, Release, Clarification Perrottet Relief
Chung Wu
Relief
Powell Deliverance
Clark
Loosening
Ra Uru Hu Aloneness ?
Cleary Solution, Liberation
Reifler Release
Coates
A Time of Deliverance
Richmond Release from Indecision
Collins
Liberation
Richter Release
Crouch
Untied
Riseman Liberation
Damian-Knight
Deliverance Ritsema & Karcher Loosening, Deliverance
Dening
Release from Obstruction
Rutt Unloosing
Dhiegh
Deliverance, Unloose, Fall Off Seabrook Relief
Douglas
Escape
Secter Liberation, Deliverance, Disentangled
Feng
Relief, ReLease [sic]
Shaughnessy Untangled
Fu Youde Release
Shchutskii Solution
Graeme
Deliverance, Relief, Bindings Untied
Siu Eliminating Obstacles
Hacker
Obstruction Removed
Sneddon Removing Obstacles
Hatcher
Release
Sorrell Relief, Escape, Freedom
Heyboer
Take the Horns
Stackhouse Solving a Problem, Untangling
Hoefler
The Liberation
Stein Release
Huang, Alfred
Relief
Sterling Liberation
Huang, Kerson
Letting Loose
Sung Loosening
Javary
Releasing
Toropov Release
Jou
Loosening
Walker, Barbara Release
Judge
Liberation
Wallace Liberation
Karcher
Loosening, Deliverance
Wei, Henry Liberation
Kim-Anh Lim
Deliverance
West Escape
Koh Kok Kiang
Release
Whincup Getting Free
Kumoyama, Taisen
Releasing, Liberation
Wilhelm Deliverance
Kunst Untie, Loosen
Wing Liberation
Legge
Loosing, Unravelling a Complication
Wu Jing-Nuan To Loosen, Solution
Leichtman
Recreation, Deliverance Wu, Yi Deliverance
Liu, Da
Liberation
Wu Wei Abatement of Danger
Lynn
Release
Wu Weifarer Release
Machovec
Liberation Young Solution
Market
Clearing the Air
Yu, Titus Cutting Through
Marshall, Chris
Liberation


McCarver
Loosening 十翼 Shi Yi 赦過 She4 Guo4, Forgiving Excesses

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
40.M, Key Words
Delivery, deliverance, discharge, follow through, liberation, relief, emancipation

Loosen, disentangle, extricate, forgive, pardon, allow, let go, free, release, slacken 

Explain, clarify, synthesize, reconcile, temper, transcend, alleviate, dissolve, undo 

Release arrows; casting (3rd step of a spell: tense, aim, release); be done, move on

Begin anew; clean break with past, absolve; culmination, sublimation; untie knots 

Both forgiveness and permission; options opening; redemption, not salvation (#59) 


40.G, From the Glossary
Jie3 (to) release, relieve, discharge, let go (of), dispel, allay, alleviate, dismiss, 
loosen, untie, relax, undo, untangle, liberate, free, remove, temper, mitigate, 
deliver, separate, open up, break up, disperse, interpret, solve, dissolve, resolve, 
settle, explain, understand, comprehend, get rid of, be free of, divide; cut or pull 
open, apart (s, ed, ing); (a, the) solution(s), liberty, freedom, relief, deliverance, 
release, delivery, liberation, disaggregation, disintegration; The character refers to 
a knot horn, or a little piece of antler tip that people used to carry around on their 
belts to disentangle ropes and untie knots. Like the nautical tool called a fid.

Note:
The Xu Gua and Za Gua gloss Jie3 as Huan3, Letting Go, Loosening, Slackening, Release. The radical in the character Jie3 is "Horn." This is derived from a "knot horn," a tip of antler or horn that was worn at the waist and used frequently in those days in the untying of knots. Release then (or forgiveness) is the untying of the knots that we have got ourselves into.

41    Sǔn

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Decrease
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Reduction
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #12
Balkin Decrease Meyer Simplify
Barrett
Decreasing
Needham Diminution
Blofeld
Loss, Reduction
Ni Decrease, Sacrifice
Bonnershaw
Dwindling
Palmer Injured
Chan Chiu-ming
Cutting Down
Pattee Decrease
Chang
Loss
Peden Reduction
Chu
Decrease, Loss Perrottet Decrease
Chung Wu
Loss
Powell Decrease
Clark
Decrease
Ra Uru Hu Contraction
Cleary Reduction
Reifler Decrease
Coates
Decreased Resources, Holding Back
Richmond Failure of Expectation
Collins
Decrease Richter Decrease
Crouch
Decrease
Riseman Decrease
Damian-Knight
Decrease, Poverty, Taxation Ritsema & Karcher Diminishing
Dening
Decrease
Rutt Diminishing
Dhiegh
Decrease, To Wound, Spoil, Disadvantage Seabrook Efficiency
Douglas
Decrease Secter Decrease, Reduction, Diminished
Feng
Decrease, Sacrifice
Shaughnessy Decrease
Fu Youde Loss
Shchutskii Decrease
Graeme
Decrease, Diminishing, Making an Offering
Siu Diminution of Excesses
Hacker
Decrease Sneddon Decrease
Hatcher
Decreasing
Sorrell Letting Go, Cleaning Out, Simple
Heyboer
The Empty Cauldron
Stackhouse Chastisement, Correction, Denial of Support
Hoefler
Reduction
Stein Restraint (Lessening)
Huang, Alfred
Decreasing
Sterling Decrease
Huang, Kerson
Decrease Sung Lessening
Javary
Settling
Toropov Reduction
Jou
Decrease
Walker, Barbara Decline, Loss, Reduction
Judge
Deficiency
Wallace Decrease
Karcher
Diminishing
Wei, Henry Decrease
Kim-Anh Lim
Reduction
West Decrease
Koh Kok Kiang
Decrease
Whincup Reduction
Kumoyama, Taisen
Reduction, Decrease, Decline
Wilhelm Decrease
Kunst Decrease Wing Decline
Legge
Diminution, Contributing from one's Own
Wu Jing-Nuan Decrease, Diminishing
Leichtman
Loss, Low Ebb
Wu, Yi Decrease
Liu, Da
Decrease Wu Wei Decrease
Lynn
Diminution
Wu Weifarer Decreasing
Machovec
Selflessness ?
Young Decrease
Market
Decrease and Increase Yu, Titus Taking Away
Marshall, Chris
Decrease

McCarver
Decrease 十翼 Shi Yi 盈 Ying2, (The Behavior of) Surplus

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
41.M, Key Words
Diminish; to reduce, economize, forego; contraction, concentration, conservation 

Sacrificing, offering up; dues, service, subtraction, trying to lose only inessentials

Trimming excesses, plugging leaks, lowering expectations, doing more with less 

To make the most, make do; distill, condense, concentrate as forms of enrichment

Enrich, make less dilute, keep the good stuff; building resilience; losing negatives

Extenuation, distraction, depreciation, demands on resources, use, wear and tear


41.G, From the Glossary
Sun3  (to) belittle, chastise, cut (back), criticize, cut down to size, damage, harm, 
injure, decrease, destroy, diminish, dwindle, economize, lessen, lose, reduce, trim, 
spoil, subtract, weaken, wound (s, ed, ing); (a, the) concentration, contraction, 
decrease, detriment, diminution, loss, reduction; (to be) concentrated, contracted, 
decreased (by), diminished, lessened, reduced, taken from, weakened; detrimen-
tal, disadvantageous

Notes:
The Zhouyi authors play with the notions of Decrease and Increase in a manner that foreshadows Laozi. The two are inextricably interrelated, in ways that seem almost mystical. A time of Decreasing is an opportunity to practice Economy, in the good old sense of the word, before it came to mean conspicuous consumption, profligate waste and planned obsolescence. The ability to reassess what we really need and want, even when learned involuntarily, is a skill that creates personal wealth. Gratitiude of course is an important key here, and the Zhouyi even recommends such a "sacrifice."

42    Yì

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Increase
MWD - Hatcher Same as Received Text
Albertson
Expansion
MWD - Shaughnessy Same as Received Text, #64
Balkin Increase Meyer Gain
Barrett
Increasing
Needham Addition, Increase
Blofeld
Gain
Ni Increase, Benefit
Bonnershaw
Gain
Palmer Increase
Chan Chiu-ming
Increase
Pattee Increase
Chang
Gratitude
Peden Increase
Chu
Increase, Gain Perrottet Increase
Chung Wu
Gain
Powell Increase
Clark
Increase
Ra Uru Hu Growth
Cleary Increase Reifler Increase
Coates
Increased Dedication
Richmond Strength to Accomplish Challenges
Collins
Increase Richter Increase
Crouch
Increase
Riseman Increase
Damian-Knight
Increase, Spiritual & Material Wealth Ritsema & Karcher Augmenting
Dening
Increase
Rutt Enriching
Dhiegh
Increase, Benefit, Advantage, Profit Seabrook Increase
Douglas
Increase Secter Increase, Prospering, Enhanced
Feng
Increase, Blessing
Shaughnessy Increase
Fu Youde Gain
Shchutskii Increase
Graeme
Increase, Receiving Blessings
Siu Help from Above
Hacker
Increase Sneddon Increase
Hatcher
Increasing
Sorrell Benefit, Increase, Expansion
Heyboer
The Bowl of the Raingod
Stackhouse Spontaneous Overflowing
Hoefler
Multiplication
Stein Resolution (Progress) ??
Huang, Alfred
Increasing
Sterling Increase
Huang, Kerson
Increase Sung Addition
Javary
Intensifying
Toropov Increase
Jou
Increase
Walker, Barbara Gain, Benefit
Judge
Assistance
Wallace Increase
Karcher
Augmenting
Wei, Henry Increase
Kim-Anh Lim
Augmentation
West Increase
Koh Kok Kiang
Increase Whincup Increase
Kumoyama, Taisen
Increase, Benefit Wilhelm Increase
Kunst Increase Wing Benefit
Legge
Adding To, Gifts Received
Wu Jing-Nuan Increase, Add
Leichtman
Gain, Enrichment
Wu, Yi Increase
Liu, Da
Increase Wu Wei Gain
Lynn
Increase
Wu Weifarer Increasing
Machovec
Inspiration
Young Increase
Market
The Harvest
Yu, Titus Giving To
Marshall, Chris
Increase

McCarver
Increase 十翼 Shi Yi 衰始 Shuai1 Shi3, Decline's Beginning

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


720 Cell
42.M, Key Words
Extension, diversification, broadening, advantage, empowerment; gain, increase

Enrichment, smiling fortune; enhancements, benefits, gifts, windfalls, gleanings 

New access, input, options, choices, alternatives; learning, accepting, growing

Receiving generously, taking well, using the gifts, appreciation, blessings to count

Positional advantage, leverage, purchase; to glean, profit, augment; faring well

Gain also as an increase in sensitivity to signal strength, amplification, expansion


42.G, From the Glossary
Yi4  (to) add, advance, augment, benefit, enrich, expand, fill (up), further, gain, 
give, grant, grow, increase (by), progress, promote, profit, reinforce, replenish, 
restore, strengthen (to) (s, ed, ing); (a, the) addition, advantage, augmentation, 
benefit, enrichment, expansion, gain, gift, grant (of), surplus, overflow, increase, 
profit, value; (to be) beneficial, gainful, profitable, increased, advantageous, aug-
mented, progressive, restorative, useful; expansive, rich; additionally, more, all 
the more, expansively, further, increasingly; more and more

Note:
By extension of the statement in Tuan Zhuan 41, Yi4 as Increase can be described as Xu1 (The Behavior of) Lack or Want. It is the action of Nature abhorring a vacuum. Increase or Increasing is good enough as a Gua Ming, but the word Gain has an interesting additional meaning that is worthy of note: the sense used in signal gain. It is possible to increase the amount or rate of input simply by becoming more open or sensitized. It does not need to be increased at the supply, broadcasting or donor end of the transaction. This is analogous to appreciation, making a thing more valuable simply by valuing it more, or by putting it to a more valuable use.

43    Guài

Gua Ming Authors
Agmuller
Removing Corruption (18)
MWD - Hatcher Jue2, Parting Words, Secret, Revelation
Albertson
Outburst
MWD - Shaughnessy 訣 #42, Resolution, pron. Guai4
Balkin Resolution Meyer Decisive Action
Barrett